[<< wiktionary] aerial
== English ==

=== Alternative forms ===
aërial (archaic)

=== Etymology ===
From Latin āerius, from Ancient Greek ἀέριος (aérios), from ἀήρ (aḗr, “air”).

=== Pronunciation ===
(US) IPA(key): /ˈɛɹ.i.əl/
(UK) IPA(key): /ˈɛː.ɹɪ.əl/, /ˈɛː.ɹi.əl/
(obsolete) IPA(key): /eɪˈɪə.ɹɪ.əl/, /eɪˈɛ.ɹɪ.əl/
Homophones: areal, Ariel
Rhymes: -ɛəriəl

=== Adjective ===
aerial (comparative more aerial, superlative most aerial)

Living or taking place in the air. [from 16th c.]

(now  literary  or  historical) Made up of air or gas; gaseous. [from 16th c.]
1782, Joseph Priestley, Disquisitions relating to matter and spirit, I:
A soul [...] was first conceived to be an aerial, or an igneous substance, which animates the body during life, and makes its escape at death [...].
Positioned high up; elevated. [from 16th c.]

Ethereal, insubstantial; imaginary. [from 16th c.]

Pertaining to the air or atmosphere; atmospheric. [from 17th c.]
(aviation) Pertaining to a vehicle which travels through the air; airborne; relating to or conducted by means of aircraft. [from 17th c.]

(botany) Above the ground

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==== Translations ====

=== Noun ===
aerial (plural aerials)

(chiefly  Britain, Australia) A rod, wire, or other structure for receiving or transmitting radio, television signals etc.
A move, as in dancing or skateboarding, involving one or both feet leaving the ground.
2002, Joseph A. Kotarba, John M. Johnson, Postmodern Existential Sociology (page 78)
In their dancing, clubbers were flamboyant. They experimented with new dance steps and improvisations, including risky maneuvers and aerials in which women were flipped into the air.
(photography) Aerial photography.

==== Usage notes ====
Some make a distinction between an antenna and an aerial, with the former used to indicate a rigid structure, and the latter consisting of a wire strung in the air. For those who do not make a distinction, antenna is more commonly used in the United States and aerial is more commonly used in the United Kingdom and Australia.

==== Synonyms ====
(device for receiving or transmitting): antenna
(dance move involving one or both feet leaving the ground): air step, acrobatic

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