[<< wiktionary] アイヌ
== Ainu ==


=== Alternative forms ===
アィヌ


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): [ʔájꜜnù]


=== Noun ===
アイヌ (Latin spelling aynu)

person, human being
(more specifically) Ainu person; the Ainu people
man (adult male)
comrade
(with possessives) father, husband


==== Usage notes ====
This spelling is more common than アィヌ.
The Ainu pronunciation of this term has only two morae, so academic materials may spell this term in kana with the small ィ, or in romaji with a y, to explicitly indicate that the initial vowel is the single-mora diphthong ay (/ai̯/), and not the two-mora diphthong a i (/a.i/).
However, there is no three-mora term a i nu in the Ainu language, and most Ainu texts written in katakana use this spelling instead.


==== Coordinate terms ====
ミチ (mici, “father”)
ホク (hoku, “husband”)
シウェンテㇷ゚ (siwentep, “woman”)
メノコ (menoko, “woman, girl”)
マッ (mat, “woman, wife, mother”)
マチ (maci, “wife”)
ハポ (hapo, “mother”)
ヘカチ (hekaci, “child”)


=== References ===
John Batchelor (1905)  An Ainu-English-Japanese dictionary (including a grammar of the Ainu language)‎[1], Tokyo; London: Methodist Publishing House; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner Co.
The Foundation for Research and Promotion of Ainu Culture (2011), 中級アイヌ語 ー美幌ー (Intermediate Ainu: Bihoro, in Japanese), Sapporo.  English website here.  Text in PDF format here.
The Foundation for Research and Promotion of Ainu Culture (2011), 中級アイヌ語 ー千歳ー (Intermediate Ainu: Chitose, in Japanese), Sapporo.  English website here.  Text in PDF format here.


== Japanese ==


=== Etymology ===
Borrowed from Ainu アイヌ (aynu, “person, human being”).


=== Pronunciation ===
(Tokyo) ア​イヌ [áꜜìnù] (Atamadaka – [1])IPA(key): [a̠inɯ̟ᵝ]


=== Proper noun ===
アイヌ • (Ainu) 

Ainu


==== Derived terms ====


==== References ====