[<< wiktionary] چام
== Ottoman Turkish ==


=== Etymology ===
Wholly regular from Arabic شَمْع‎ (šamʿ, “wax; candle; torch”). The sound shift ش‎ (ş) to چ‎ (ç) has been of some frequency, also found in for example چلتیك‎ (çeltik, “rice”), چمشیر‎ (çimşir, “box”). The match with Chinese 杉 (MC ʃˠɛm, “fire; pine”) is probably a coincidence.


=== Noun ===
چام • (çam)

fir
pine


==== Derived terms ====
چاملق‎ (çamlık)


==== Descendants ====
Turkish: çam
→ Albanian: çam
→ Aromanian: ciam
→ Bulgarian: чам (čam)
→ Macedonian: чам (čam)
→ Romanian: ceam
→ Serbo-Croatian:Cyrillic: ча̏м
Latin: čȁm


=== References ===
Поленаковиќ, Харалампие (2007) , “436. ČAM”, in Зузана Тополињска, Петар Атанасов, editors, Турските елементи во ароманскиот, put into Macedonian from the author’s Serbo-Croatian Turski elementi u aromunskom dijalektu (1939, unpublished) by Веселинка Лаброска, Скопје: Македонска академија на науките и уметностите, →ISBN, page 106