[<< wiktionary] bit
== English ==


=== Pronunciation ===
enPR: bĭt, IPA(key): /bɪt/

Rhymes: -ɪt


=== Etymology 1 ===
From Middle English bitte, bite, from Old English bita (“bit; fragment; morsel”) and bite (“a bite; cut”), from Proto-Germanic *bitô and *bitiz; both from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (“to split”). 
Cognate with West Frisian bit, Saterland Frisian Bit, Dutch bit, German Low German Beet, Biet, German Biss and Bissen, Danish bid, Swedish bit, Icelandic biti.


==== Noun ====
bit (plural bits)

 A piece of metal placed in a horse's mouth and connected to the reins to direct the animal.

A rotary cutting tool fitted to a drill, used to bore holes.
(dated, Britain) A coin of a specified value.

(obsolete, Canada) A ten-cent piece, dime.
1941, Emily Carr, Klee Wyck, Chapter 10, [3]
The smallest coin we had in Canada in early days was a dime, worth ten cents. The Indians called this coin "a Bit". Our next coin, double in buying power and in size, was a twenty-five cent piece and this the Indians called "Two Bits".
(now US) A unit of currency or coin in the Americas worth a fraction of a Spanish dollar; now specifically, an eighth of a US dollar.
1789, Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative, vol. I, ch. 6:
I trusted to the Lord to be with me; and at one of our trips to St. Eustatia, a Dutch island, I bought a glass tumbler with my half bit, and when I came to Montserrat I sold it for a bit, or sixpence.
(historical, US) In the southern and southwestern states, a small silver coin (such as the real) formerly current; commonly, one worth about 12½ cents; also, the sum of 12½ cents.
A small amount of something.

(informal) Specifically, a small amount of time.

(in the plural, informal, sports) Fractions of a second.

A portion of something.

Somewhat; something, but not very great; also used like jot and whit to express the smallest degree. See also a bit.
Am I bored? Not a bit of it!T. Hook
My young companion was a bit of a poet.
(slang) A prison sentence, especially a short one.

 An excerpt of material making up part of a show, comedy routine, etc.

A small part or role, sometimes with spoken lines, in a theatrical performance.
She acted her bit in the opening scene.
The part of a key which enters the lock and acts upon the bolt and tumblers.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
The cutting iron of a plane.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
The bevelled front edge of an axehead along which the cutting edge runs.


===== Synonyms =====
(coin): coin, piece
(small piece): morsel (of food), piece, scrap
(portion): portion, share, segment
(horse equipment): snaffle, pelham, kimberwicke
(prison sentence): bid


===== Derived terms =====


===== Translations =====


==== Verb ====
bit (third-person singular simple present bits, present participle bitting, simple past and past participle bitted)

(transitive) To put a bridle upon; to put the bit in the mouth of (a horse).


=== Etymology 2 ===
See bite


==== Verb ====
bit

simple past tense of bite
Your dog bit me!
(informal in US, archaic in Britain) past participle of bite, bitten
I have been bit by your dog!


==== Adjective ====
bit (not comparable)

(colloquial) bitten.

(only in combination) Having been bitten.


=== Etymology 3 ===
Coined by John Tukey in 1946 as an abbreviation of binary digit, probably influenced by connotations of “small portion”. First used in print 1948 by Claude Shannon. Compare byte and nybble.


==== Noun ====
bit (plural bits)

 (mathematics, computing) A binary digit, generally represented as a 1 or 0.
(computing) The smallest unit of storage in a digital computer, consisting of a binary digit.
Synonym: b
 (information theory, cryptography) Any datum that may take on one of exactly two values.

(information theory) A unit of measure for information entropy.

The researchers found that the original texts spanned a variety of entropy values in different languages, reflecting differences in grammar and structure.But strangely, the difference in entropy between the original, ordered text and the randomly scrambled text was constant across languages. This difference is a way to measure the amount of information encoded in word order, Montemurro says. The amount of information lost when they scrambled the text was about 3.5 bits per word.
A microbitcoin, or a millionth of a bitcoin (0.000001 BTC).


===== Derived terms =====


===== Translations =====


===== See also =====
ban, nat, qubit


=== References ===


=== Anagrams ===
ITB, TBI, TiB, tib


== Azerbaijani ==


=== Etymology ===
From Proto-Turkic *bït (“louse”).


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): [bit]


=== Noun ===
bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitlər)

louse


==== Declension ====


== Catalan ==


=== Pronunciation ===
(Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈbit/
Rhymes: -it


=== Noun ===
bit m (plural bits)

(computing) bit


== Czech ==


=== Etymology ===
From English bit, from binary digit.


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): [ˈbɪt]

Rhymes: -ɪt


=== Noun ===
bit m

(computing) bit


==== Declension ====


==== Derived terms ====
bitový
osmibitový
šestnáctibitový
kilobit
megabit
gigabit
terabit


=== Further reading ===
bit in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
bit in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
bit in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz


== Dutch ==


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bɪt/

Hyphenation: bit
Rhymes: -ɪt


=== Etymology 1 ===
Ablaut of bijten.


==== Noun ====
bit n (plural bitten, diminutive bitje n)

bit (for a working animal)
bit (rotary cutting tool)
mouthguard


=== Etymology 2 ===
From English bit.


==== Noun ====
bit m (plural bits, diminutive bitje n)

bit (binary digit)
bit (unit of storage)
bit (datum with two possible values)


== French ==


=== Etymology ===
From English


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bit/


=== Noun ===
bit m (plural bits)

(computing) bit


=== Further reading ===
“bit” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


== Hungarian ==


=== Etymology ===
From English bit.


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): [ ˈbit]
Hyphenation: bit
Rhymes: -it


=== Noun ===
bit (plural bitek)

(computing) bit (binary digit)


==== Declension ====


==== Derived terms ====
jelzőbit


=== References ===


== Indonesian ==


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): [ˈbɪt]
Hyphenation: bit


=== Etymology 1 ===
From English bit (“binary digit”).


==== Noun ====
bit (plural, first-person possessive bitku, second-person possessive bitmu, third-person possessive bitnya)

(computing) bit, smallest unit of storage.


=== Etymology 2 ===
From Dutch biet (“binary digit”).


==== Noun ====
bit (plural, first-person possessive bitku, second-person possessive bitmu, third-person possessive bitnya)

Beta vulgaris, common beet, beetroot, sugar beet, and chard.


=== Further reading ===
“bit” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.


== Lashi ==


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bit/


=== Noun ===
bit

sun


=== References ===
Hkaw Luk (2017)  A grammatical sketch of Lacid‎[6], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis).


== Lower Sorbian ==


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bʲit/


=== Verb ===
bit

supine of biś


== Nigerian Pidgin ==


=== Etymology ===
From English beat.


=== Verb ===
bit

beat


== Norwegian Bokmål ==


=== Etymology 1 ===
From Old Norse biti


==== Noun ====
bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural biter, definite plural bitene)

a bit, piece (of something)
a bite, mouthful (of food)


===== Derived terms =====
isbit
smakebit


=== Etymology 2 ===
From English bit (binary digit)


==== Noun ====
bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bit or biter, definite plural bitene)

a bit (binary digit)


=== References ===
“bit” in The Bokmål Dictionary.


== Norwegian Nynorsk ==


=== Etymology 1 ===
From Old Norse


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /biːt/


==== Noun ====
bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bitar, definite plural bitane)

a bit, piece (of something)


===== Derived terms =====
isbit
smakebit


=== Etymology 2 ===
From English bit (binary digit)


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bɪtː/


==== Noun ====
bit m (definite singular biten, indefinite plural bit or bitar, definit plural bitane)

a bit (binary digit)


=== Etymology 3 ===
From Old Norse bit


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /biːt/


==== Noun ====
bit n (definite singular bitet, indefinite plural bit, definite plural bita)

a bite (e.g. insect bite, dog bite)
a bite, mouthful (of food)


=== Etymology 4 ===


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /biːt/


=== Verb ===
bit

inflection of bite:
present
imperative


=== References ===
“bit” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.


== Old Irish ==


=== Verb ===
bit

third-person plural future of is


== Portuguese ==


=== Etymology ===
Borrowed from English bit.


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /ˈbit͡ʃ(i)/, /ˈbit(i)/


=== Noun ===
bit m (plural bits)

(mathematics, computing) bit (binary digit)


==== Synonyms ====
Abbreviations: b


==== Coordinate terms ====
Multiples: kilobit, megabit, gigabit, terabit, petabit, exabit, zettabit, yottabit


==== Related terms ====
byte (unit equivalent to 8 bits)


== Serbo-Croatian ==


=== Etymology 1 ===
From bȉti (“to be”)


==== Pronunciation ====
IPA(key): /bîːt/


==== Noun ====
bȋt f (Cyrillic spelling би̑т)

essence
point, meaning


===== Declension =====


=== Etymology 2 ===
From English bit


==== Pronunciation ====
IPA(key): /bît/


==== Noun ====
bȉt m (Cyrillic spelling би̏т)

(computing) bit


===== Declension =====


== Spanish ==


=== Etymology ===
From English bit


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /ˈbit/, [ˈbit̪]


=== Noun ===
bit m (plural bits)

bit (binary digit)


== Swedish ==


=== Etymology ===
From Old Norse biti, noun definitions 2 and 4: From English bit, from binary digit.


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /biːt/ (1–4)
IPA(key): /bɪt/ (3–4)


=== Noun ===
bit c

bit (small piece)
bit (portion)
bit (binary digit)
bit (unit of storage)
bit (of music)


==== Declension ====


==== Related terms ====
pusselbit
sockerbit


=== Verb ===
bit

 imperative of bita.


== Turkish ==


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /ˈbit/


=== Etymology 1 ===
From Proto-Turkic *bït (“louse”).


==== Noun ====
bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitler)

(zoology) louse


===== Declension =====


===== Derived terms =====
bit yeniği (fishy)
bitli (lousy)


===== See also =====
pire (flea)


=== Etymology 2 ===
Borrowed from English bit, abbreviation of binary digit.


==== Noun ====
bit (definite accusative biti, plural bitler)

(computing) bit


===== Declension =====


=== Etymology 3 ===


==== Verb ====
bit

second-person singular imperative of bitmek


== Turkmen ==


=== Etymology ===
From Old Turkic bit‎ (bit), from Proto-Turkic *bɨt (“louse”).


=== Pronunciation ===
IPA(key): /bit̪/


=== Noun ===
bit (definite accusative bidi, plural bitler)

(zoology) louse


==== Declension ====


== Vietnamese ==


=== Pronunciation ===
(Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɓit̚˧˧]
(Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɓit̚˧˧]
(Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɓɨt̚˧˧]


=== Nounbit ===
(computing) bit


== Zhuang ==


=== Pronunciation ===
(Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /pit˥/
Tone numbers: bit7
Hyphenation: bit


=== Etymology 1 ===
From Proto-Tai *pitᴰ (“duck”). Cognate with Thai เป็ด (bpèt), Lao ເປັດ (pet), Lü ᦵᦔᧆ (ṗed), Tai Dam ꪹꪜꪸꪒ, Shan ပဵတ်း (pét), Ahom 𑜆𑜢𑜄𑜫 (pit), Bouyei bidt, Saek ปิ๊ด. Compare Old Chinese 鴄 (OC *pʰid).


==== Noun ====
bit (classifier duz, Sawndip forms 鴓, old orthography bit)

duck


===== Derived terms =====
roegbit


=== Etymology 2 ===
From Chinese 筆 (MC pˠiɪt̚).


==== Noun ====
bit (classifier gaiq, Sawndip forms 𣭈, old orthography bit)

pen; pencil; writing implement


==== Classifier ====
bit (old orthography bit)

Classifier for sums of money and deals.


=== Etymology 3 ===
From Chinese 匹 (MC pʰiɪt̚).


==== Classifier ====
bit (old orthography bit)

Classifier for cloth: bolt of