Tzvetan Todorov (1 March 1939 - 7 February 2017) was a Bulgarian-French historian, philosopher, structuralist literary critic, sociologist, essayist and geologist.
== Quotes ==
=== Reading as Construction (1980) ===
As translated from French by Marilyn A. August Nothing is more commonplace than the reading experience, and yet nothing is more unknown. Reading is such a matter of course that at first glance it seems there is nothing to say about it.
=== Hope and Memory: Reflections on the Twentieth Century (2003) ===
As translated by David Bellos ISBN 1843543605 Democracy brought to others through the barrel of a gun is not democracy; to impose it by force is to undermine it.
Preface to the English edition (October 2002), p. xxiPride is not a wise counselor. People who believe themselves to be the incarnation of good have a distorted view of the world. The absence of any obstacle to the deployment of strength is dangerous for the strong themselves: passion takes precedence over reason. "No power without limit can be legitimate," as Montesquieu wrote long ago. Political wisdom does not consist in seeking only immediate victory, nor does it require systematic preference of "us" over "them."
Preface to the English edition (October 2002), p. xxiA maxim for the twenty-first century might well be to start not by fighting evil in the name of good, but by attacking the certainties of people who claim always to know where good and evil are to be found. We should struggle not against the devil himself but what allows the devil to live — Manichaean thinking itself.
Ch. 5 : The Past in the Present, p. 195
We should not be simply fighting evil in the name of good, but struggling against the certainties of people who claim always to know where good and evil are to be found.
=== The New World Disorder: Reflections of a European (2005) ===
American society has always exercised a stronger pressure on individual behavior than Western European societies; but in time of war this pressure is notched a few degrees, and starts to become quite alarming.
== External links ==
Tzvetan Todorov on the Enlightenment Today, a nineteen-minute interview on Philosophy Bites
The Tzvetan Todorov Book Interview
Interview with Tzvetan Todorov: "It is surprising to see so many walls erected in the midst of globalisation", Barcelona Metropolis 78 (Spring 2010)