Georgism, also called geoism and single tax, is an economic philosophy that advocates for a land value tax also called a site valuation tax, split rate tax, or site-value rating, which is an ad valorem levy on the unimproved value of land. Unlike property taxes, it disregards the value of buildings, personal property and other improvements to real estate.
== Quotes ==
Land monopoly is not the only monopoly, but it is by far the greatest of monopolies -- it is a perpetual monopoly, and it is the mother of all other forms of monopoly. Unearned increments in land are not the only form of unearned or undeserved profit, but they are the principal form of unearned increment, and they are derived from processes which are not merely not beneficial, but positively detrimental to the general public.
Winston Churchill, Speech made to the House of Commons on May 4, 1909.There's a sense in which all taxes are antagonistic to free enterprise … and yet we need taxes. We have to recognize that we must not hope for a Utopia that is unattainable. I would like to see a great deal less government activity than we have now, but I do not believe that we can have a situation in which we don't need government at all. We do need to provide for certain essential government functions — the national defense function, the police function, preserving law and order, maintaining a judiciary. So the question is, which are the least bad taxes? In my opinion the least bad tax is the property tax on the unimproved value of land, the Henry George argument of many, many years ago.
Joseph Stiglitz - New Economic The Sixth Annual Conference of New Economic Thinking, April 8 The underlying problem is the whole structure of our economy which has become more oriented at increasing rents than increasing productivity and real economic growth that would be widely shared in our society... but a tax on land rents would actually address some of the underlying problems. This is an idea that Henry George had more than 100 years ago but the analysis that I have done says it would actually go one step beyond Henry George. Henry George argued for a land tax because it was non-distortionary but this analysis says that a land tax actually improves the productivity of the economy because you encourage people to invest in productive capital rather than into rent generating wealth and the result of that shift in the composition of savings toward more productive investment leads to a more productive economy and leads to a more equal society.
Milton Friedman, Interview with Milton Friedman In Milton Friedman Gives the Answers! Buena Park, California: Americanism Educational League, 1978, page 3.The tax upon land values is, therefore, the most just and equal of all taxes. It falls only upon those who receive from society a peculiar and valuable benefit, and upon them in proportion to the benefit they receive. It is the takingby the community, for the use of the community, of that value which is thecreation of the community. It is the application of the common property to common uses. When all rent is taken by taxation for the needs of thecommunity, then will the equality ordained by Nature be attained. No citizen will have an advantage over any other citizen save as is given by his industry, skill, and intelligence; and each will obtain what he fairly earns. Then, but not till then, will labor get its full reward, and capital its natural return.
Henry George, Progress and Poverty (1879), Landlords grow rich in their sleep without working, risking or economizing. The increase in the value of land, arising as it does from the efforts of an entire community, should belong to the community and not to the individual who might hold title.
John Stuart Mill, Political Economy (1848), Book V, Chap. 2, Sec. The annual produce of the land and labour of the society, the real wealth and revenue of the great body of the people, might be the same after such a tax as before. Ground-rents and the ordinary rent of land are, therefore, perhaps, the species of revenue which can best bear to have a peculiar tax imposed upon them.
Adam Smith - Wealth of Nations (1776), Book V, Chap. 2, Art.1 The wealth produced over the centuries by the efforts of the community is reflected in land values and is therefore a proper target for taxation.
Vince Cable - Foreword to 'The Case For A New People's Budget' Search out every problem, look into these questions thoroughly, and the more thoroughly you look into them you will find that the land is at the root of most of them. Housing, wages, food, health…
David Lloyd George - Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer, speaking at Aberdeen, 29th November 1912 
== External links ==