Malankara Metropolitan/Malankara Syrian Metropolitans/ Mar Thoma Metropolitans were the titles which was given to address the Supreme Heads of the Malankara Church. The Malankara Church was split into different factions over the years. However the Supreme Head of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church uses the title of Malankara Metropolitan, Mar Thoma Metropolitan and the Malankara Syrian Metropolitan upholding the autonomous character of the Malankara Church.
This is a list of Malankara Syrian Metropolitans.
Mar Thoma I – In 1653, Thomas of Palamattam Thravadu was consecrated with the title Marthoma I by 12 priests in 1653 after Coonan cross oath.Marthoma I had survived a number of assassination attempts. He died on 25 April 1670 and was interred in Angamaly St Mary's Syrian Church.
Mar Thoma II – (1670–1686) Consecrated by Marthoma I and Mar Gregorios Abdal Jaleel. Died on 14 April 1686 and was interred at St. Mary's Orthodox Church, Niranam.
Mar Thoma III – (1686–1688) Consecrated by Mar Ivanios Hirudyathulla (from Antioch), died on 21 April 1688. Laid to rest at St.Thomas Orthodox Church, Kadampanad.
Mar Thoma IV – (1688–1728). Consecrated by Mar Ivanios Hirudyathulla. Died on 24 March 1728 and was interred at Kandanad Martha Mariam Orthodox Church.
Mar Thoma V – (1728–1765) – Consecrated by Marthoma IV. Died on 8 May 1765 and laid to rest at St. Marys Orthodox Church, Niranam
Mar Thoma VI – (1765–1808) Consecrated by Marthoma V. Died on 8 April 1808 and laid to rest at St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral puthenkavu.In June 1770,he accepted re consecration from Antiochian bishops in order to avoid a split in the Church and the title Dionysius was accepted.Marthoma VI did not approve the appointment of Kattumangattu Abraham Mar Coorilos as a metropolitan by a bishop from Antioch. This was the beginning of Malabar Independent Syrian Church. He was forced to conduct a service according to Chaldean Catholic rites but escaped during a rebellion in Travancore under Velu Thampi. Rev.Dr. Claudius Buchanan visited and made arrangement for the translation of the Bible into Malayalam. Marthoma presented him the Peshitto Bible written in the old Syriac. This manuscript is kept in the public library of the University of Cambridge.
Mar Thoma VII – (1808–1809) Consecrated by Marthoma VI in 1796. During his time on 1 December 1808, a sum of 3000 Star Pagoda (in 2002 one Star Pagoda coin had a market value of £475) was given as loan in perpetuity to the British resident Colonel Macaulay. This is known as Vattipanam. Marthoma died on 4 July 1809 and was interred at St. Peter's & St. Paul's Orthodox Church, Kolencherry.
Mar Thoma VIII – (1809–1816) Consecrated on 2 July 1809 by Marthoma VII. During his time Kottayam Suryani Seminary was opened and modern education began in Kerala. Marthoma died on 26 January 1816 and was interred at St. Mary's Cathedral, Puthencavu, Chengannur.
Mar Thoma IX – (1816–1817). Consecrated by Marthoma VIII without the consent of the people. So he retired to St.George Church, and spent the rest of his days in prayer and fasting.
Mar Dionysius II (Pulikottil Joseph Mar Dionysius) -(1816)
Mar Dionysius III (Punnathra Geevargis Mar Dionysius)-(1817–1825)
Mar Dionysius IV (Cheppattu Philipose Mar Dionysius)-(1825–1852)
Mathews Mar Athanasius-(1852–1877)
Thomas Mar Athanasius Palakkunathu(1877–1893)
Titus I Mar Thoma (1894–1909)
Titus II Mar Thoma (1909–1944)
Abraham Mar Thoma (1944–1949)
Juhanon Mar Thoma (1949–1976)
Alexander Mar Thoma (1977–1999)
Philipose Mar Chrysostom Mar Thoma (1999–2007)
Joseph Mar Thoma (2007–)
== References ==