Lu (Chinese: 路; pinyin: Lù) is a Chinese surname. It is also spelled Lo according to the Cantonese pronunciation. Lu 路 is listed 138th in the Song Dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames. Lu 路 is the 116th most common surname in China, with a total population of 2.35 million.
== Demographics and distribution ==
As of 2013, Lu 路 is the 116th most common surname in China, shared by 2.35 million people, or 0.18% of the Chinese population. It is distributed widely across China, but the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Anhui, and Henan have especially high concentrations of the surname; the four provinces account for 70% of the total population with the surname.
== Origins ==
According to the ninth-century Tang Dynasty text Yuanhe Xing Zuan, the Lu 路 surname originated from the Red Di state of Lushi (潞氏 or 路氏), also called Lu, which was named after the river Lu (present-day Zhuozhang River, a tributary of the Zhang River). In 594 BC Lushi was conquered by Duke Jing, the ruler of the State of Jin, a major power of the Spring and Autumn period. The people of Lu/Lushi subsequently adopted Lu 路 as their surname.Another origin of Lu 路 is the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046–771 BC) government office of luzheng (路正), which was responsible for the management of roads and transportation (Lu 路 means road in Chinese). Some descendants of people who held the office adopted Lu as their surname.A third, legendary origin of Lu 路 is from Xuanyuan (玄元), a son of Emperor Zhi and grandson of Emperor Ku. He was enfeoffed as Marquis of Luzhong (路中侯) by Emperor Yao, and his descendants adopted Lu (from Luzhong) as their surname.
== Later adoption ==
During the Xianbei Northern Wei dynasty, Emperor Xiaowen (reigned 467–499 AD) implemented a drastic policy of sinicization, ordering his own people to adopt Chinese surnames. The Moluzhen (没路真) tribe of Xianbei adopted Lu 路 as their surname.Some of the Dong people, an ethnic minority group of China, have also adopted Lu 路 as their surname.
== Notable people ==
Lu Bode (路博德; fl. 119–109 BC), Western Han general, conqueror of Nanyue and Hainan
Lu Wenshu (路温舒), Western Han scholar
Lu Huinan (路惠男; 412–466), empress dowager of the Liu Song dynasty
Empress Lu, consort of Emperor Qianfei of Liu Song, niece of Lu Huinan
Lu Sui (路隨; 776–835), Tang dynasty chancellor
Lu Yan (路巖; 829–874), Tang dynasty chancellor
Lu Zhongyi (路中一; 1849–1925), religious leader
Lu Yongxiang (路甬祥; born 1942), former president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Lu Yao (路遥; 1949–1992), writer
Lu Han (鹿晗; 20 April 1990), singer
Ping Lu (路平; Lu Ping; born 1953), Taiwanese writer
Lu Xuechang (路学长; 1964–2014), film director
Jozie Lu (路嘉欣; Lu Jiaxin; born 1979), Taiwanese actress and singer
Lu Jiang (路姜; born 1981), football player
Lu Chen (路晨; born 1987), actress
Johnny Lu (路斯明), born Johnny Chen, Taiwanese-American actor
Suyin Lu, born in Philippines, Soon to be CPA
== References ==