[<< wikibooks] Medical Informatics
The purpose of this work is to survey computer usage in the health sciences. 
With contributions from:

Kevin C. O'KaneIntroduction


== Development of Medical Information Systems ==


=== Pioneering Work ===
MUMPS - Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming Language (R. Greenes and N. Pappalardo)
COSTAR - Computer Stored Ambulatory Record - Costar (O. Barnett)
University of Missouri - Columbia System (D.A. Lindberg)
Technicon Lockheed/Technicon System
PROMIS University of Vermont PROMIS System (L. L. Weed)
Texas Institute for Research and Rehabilitation Information System (C. Valbonna & W. Spencer)
LDS Hospital System (H. Warner, et al)
Kaiser-Permanente System (M. Collen)
VISTA - Veterans Administration (DCHP)
Johns Hopkins Oncology Clinical Information System and Tedium (B. Blum)
Dietary Systems


=== Computer Based Medical Records Systems ===
Overview of Computer Based Medical Records
Case Studies of Computer Based Medical Records


== Economics of Health Care Delivery ==
Societal Factors
Rising Tide of Clinical Data and Reporting Requirements


== Impact of New Technologies ==
The Structure of the Patient Encounter with the Health Care System
Confidentiality and Data Security
Medical Linkage, Patient Tracking and Scheduling
Pharmacy Systems
Utilization Review and Quality Assurance


== Clinical Decision Support Systems ==
Clinical Decision Support Overview
Expert Systems
MYCIN (E. Shortliffe)
EMYCIN
Internist (Pople & Myers)
Caduceus
QMR - Quick Medical Reference
CASNET Causal ASsociational NETworks (Kulikowski and Weiss)
CASNET/Glaucoma
PIP Present Illness Program (Gorry and Parker)
ABEL Acid-Base and ELectrolyte program
ONCOCIN Oncology protocol management
MDX (Chandrasekaran and Mittal)
DXPlain (MGH Laboratory for Computer Science)
Probability Based Diagnostic Systems
Bayesian Systems
Reasoning Foundations of Medical Diagnosis (Ledley and Lusted)
Arden Syntax


== Systems of Nomenclature ==
International Classification of Diseases 9 - Clinical Modification (ICD)
International Classification of Diseases 10
Standard Nomenclature of Diseases and Operations (SNDO)
Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - (DSM)
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED)
Current Medical Terminology (CMT)
Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)
NLM Medical Subject Headings (MESH) and Unified Medical Language System (UMLS)
Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC)
Diagnostic Related Groups
HL7
HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability Act
National Drug Codes
Read Codes


== Other Topics ==
Automated Interviewing and Multiphasic Screening
Bioinformatics
Screening - Disease Detection and Treatment
Computer Aided Instruction
Computed Tomography and Image Processing
Online Resources
Communication Networks
Patient Monitoring
Pharmaceutical Research Support Systems
Ethics and Privacy
Standards