Note that italics are used on Old English words to indicate that a word is a new word, not attested in historical Old English. If an expression has two forms, the second one is said to many people other than just one.
== Greetings and introduction ==
Ƿes hāl! - Ƿesað hāle (possibly Anglian);: Bēo ġesund - Bēoð ġesunde (West Saxon)
How are you doing?
Hū meaht þū? - Hū magon ġē?;: Hū eart þū? - Hū sindon ġē?
Iċ mæg ƿel; Iċ eom hāl; Iċ eom ġesund
What is your name?
Hū hāttest þū?; Hƿǣt hāttest þū?
My name is ______.
Iċ hātte ______.; Mīn nama is ______.
Þes is... ; This (a man) is...
Þēos is... ; This (a woman) is...
Iċ tǣċe hine/hīe þē ; I'll introduce him/her to you
Goodbye (said by departing person)
Often the same as the above translations of "Hello!".
Goodbye (said by the person remaining); Far ġesund (to one person); Farað ġesunde (to multiple)Note that greeting by time of day, e.g. "good morning", are not idiomatic or normal in Old English. There is no need to use them - use the equivalent of "hello" instead. If, for whatever reason, you insist on using them anyway, you may use the following:
Hafa gōdne morgen - Habbað gōdne morgen
Hafa gōdne dæg - Habbað gōdne morgen
Hafa gōdne ǣfen - Habbað gōdne ǣfen
Hafa gōde nihte - Habbað gōde nihteSuch a greeting is recording in very early Middle English, but not Old English. If you include the "hafa/habbað", then the greeting is at least sensical and grammatical if not idiomatic; but if the "hafa/habbað" is omitted, it is a slavish imitation of Modern German.
== Etiquette ==
Note that it is likely that Old English speakers had somewhat different etiquette sensibilities than MnE speakers.
Iċ bidde þē - Iċ bidde ēoƿ
Iċ þanciġe þē - Iċ þanciġe ēoƿ
Mē ofþyncþ; Belāda mē - Belādiað mē
== Communication ==
Do you speak Old English?
Spricst þū Englisċ? - Sprecaþ ġē Englisċ?
I don't speak Old English
Iċ ne sprece Englisċ
Does anyone here speak Old English?
Spricþ hēr ǣniġ mann Englisċ?
I don't understand
Iċ ne understande
What does ... mean?
Hƿæt mǣnð ...?
How do I say... (in Old English)?
Hū seċġe iċ... (on Englisċ)?
Say it in Modern English
Sæġe þæt on Nīƿenglisċ - Seċġaþ þæt on Nīƿenglisċ
Say it again
Sæġe þæt eft - Seċġaþ þæt eft
Speak more slowly
Sprec þu slāƿor - Sprecaþ ġe slāƿor
Iċ nāt þæt ƿord
I don't know that word
Iċ bidde þē, āreċe mē...
Please, explain to me...
Hƿæt sǣde hē/hēo?
What did he/she say?
== Food and drink ==
What's there to eat?
Hƿæt is tō etenne?
What's there to drink?
Hƿæt is tō drincenne?
There's still some bread/wine/water/milk
Hlāfes/ƿīnes/ƿæteres/meolċe/æpp ġīt belīft
Would you like an apple/beer/bread/water/milk/beer/wine?
Ƿilt þū/ġe æppel/bēores/hlāfes/ƿæteres/meolċe/ƿīnes?
== Religion ==
I believe in God
Iċ ġelīfe on gode
I am Christian
Iċ eom crīsten (a man)/Iċ eom crīstnu (a woman)
I am Germanic pagan
Iċ eom (germanisċ) hǣðen (of a man)/Iċ eom (germanisċ) hǣðnu (of a woman)
I am not a monotheist
Iċ eom hǣðen/Iċ ne ġelīfe on ānum gode.Note: "hǣðen" in OE had adopted quite medieval Christian sensibilities of use, and could probably be used for everyone who was not a monotheist, including atheists, polytheists, and so forth. However, perhaps, Germanic pagans were the most obvious examples of "pagans" in the medieval Germanic Christian mindselt.
I am Muslim
Iċ eom muslim
I am Buddhist
Iċ eom budden (of a man)/Iċ eom buddnu (of a woman)
I am Hindu
Iċ eom indisċ hǣðen (of a man)/Iċ eom indisċ hǣðnu (of a woman)Note: While "indisċ hǣðen" would likely be very easy for a native Old English speaker to understand, Hindus may prefer a new word like "hinden (man)/hindnu (woman)" to the historically Christianified sense of "hǣðen"
I am Jewish
Iċ eom iudēisċ
I don't believe in gods
Iċ ne ġelīfe on godum
I am godless
Iċ eom godlēas
I don't know whether a god exists (or not)
Iċ nāt hƿæðer god sī (þe nā)
I believe in spirits
Iċ ġelīfe on gāstum
I believe in something
Iċ ġelīfe on hƿǣm
I believe in an afterlife
Iċ ġelīfe on æfterlīfe/Iċ ġelīfe on līfe æfter dēaðe
I believe in human virtue
Iċ ġelīfe on manncystum
I am secularist
Iċ ne ġeþafie þæt ġelēafan habben ġeƿeald (literally, "I don't support faiths having (political) power")
I don't observe religion
Iċ ne begange nānne ġelēafan
I'm New Age
Iċ eom nīƿyldisċ hǣðen (of a man)/Iċ eom nīƿyldisċ hǣðnu (of a woman)