[<< wikibooks] Radiation Oncology/Primary Cardiac Tumor
First described case of a primary cardiac tumor was by Albers in 1835
Approximately 75% of primary tumors of the heart are benign:
(1) Atrial myxoma (about 50%)
(2) Lipoma (about 10%)
(3) Papillary fibroelastoma (about 10%)
(4) Rhabdomyoma (about 10%)
(5) Fibroma (about 10%)
(6) Hemangioma
(7) Teratoma
(8) Cystic atrioventricular node tumor
Malignant primary tumors constitute the remaining 25% of cardiac neoplasms:
(1) Primary malignancies of the myocardium: sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, and carcinoma
(2) Primary malignant tumors of the pericardium: mesothelioma, fibrosarcoma, angiosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, and teratoma