[<< wikibooks] Jumarkese
This is Jumarkese, an introduction to create conlang that suitable to all speakers of different languages in the world...
Eto es jumarkeo, an introduction por creati conlang ke sutabol a todo parlorantos de diferente bāhsas en la dunya...


== The intention to create a conlang (La intention por creati planbahsa) ==
The intention to create a conlangs is to have a language that is very related to every language in the world.
La intention por creati planbahsa es por havi lingua ke es veri relato a cada bāhsa en la dunya.


== Alphabet (Alfabeto) ==


=== Names of Letters of the Alphabet - Nomes de la Leteras de la Alfabeto ===
A - /ah/B - /beh/C - /ceh/D - /deh/E - /eh/F - /ef/G - /geh/H - /heh/I - /ee/J - /jeh/K - /keh/L - /el/M - /em/N - /en/O - /oh/P - /peh/Q - /ku/R - /er/S - /es/T - /teh/U - /oo/V - /veh/W - /weh/X - /exe/Y - /yeh/Z - /zeh/


=== Pronunciation of vowels - Pronunciation de vocales ===
a - [a] e - [e]/[ɛ] ë - [ə] i - [i] o - [o]/[ɔ] u - [u] Dipthongs (Diptongos)
Use ai, oi and au for dipthongs
Usi ai, oi dan au por diptongos


=== Pronunciation of consonants - Pronunciation de consonantes ===
b - [b]c - [k] before a, o and u and [s] before e and i and with h pronunced as [tʃ] d - /d/f - /f/g - /g/ before a, o u /dʒ/ before e and i, to make /g/ before e and i, make it double g (gg)h - /h/j - /dʒ/k - /k/l - /l/m - /m/n - /n/ and with g pronounced as /ŋ/, and if you want to pronounce a /g/ sound, use should double the letter g as this nggp - /p/q - with u pronounced as /kw/r - /r/s - /s/ and with h pronounced as /ʃ/t - /t/v - /v/w - /w/x - /ks/y - /j/z - /z/


=== Digraphs - Digrafos ===
Ch - /tʃ/ Ng - /ŋ/, to seperate the /n/ from /g/, make it ngg Sh - /ʃ/ 


=== Orthography - Ortografía ===
All are phoenetic, no silent letters... Diacritics are used for stressing and long vowels...
Todo es fonetico, no hay silente leteras... Díacriticos es usado por stresing dan long vocales...


== Grammar - (Gramatica) ==
The grammar is very simple...La gramatica es veri simple...
subject-verb-object agreement 
adjective-noun agreement 


== Numbers - (Numeros) ==


=== Cardinal numbers - Cardinal numeros ===
0 zero - cero (ge/la) 1 one - satu (au)2 two - dúa (my)3 three - tri (ge)4 four - chār (in)5 five - pet (sv)6 six - ses (ge)7 seven - sem 8 eight - hachi (jp) 9 nine - nau 10 ten - shi (cn)11 eleven - shi-satu 12 twelve - shi-dúa13 thirteen - shi-tri 14 fourteen - shi-chār 15 fifteen - shi-pet 16 sixteen - shi-ses17 seventeen - shi-sem 18 eighteen - shi-hachi19 nineteen - shi-nau20 twenty - dúashi 21 twenty-one - dúashi-satu30 thirty - trishi40 forty - chārshi100 one hundred - cento101 one hundred one - cento satu 200 two hundred - dúacento 1,000 one thousand - mil10,000 ten thousand - shimil20,000 twenty thousand - dúashimil100,000 one hundred thousand - centomil1,000,000 one million - milion2,000,000 two million - dúamilion100,000,000 one hundred million - cento milion 1,000,000,000 one billion - bilion 


=== Tuples - Tupols ===
0 empty - nol1 single - singgol2 double - dupol3 triple - trepol4 quadrople - chārtupol 5 quintuple/pentuple - pettupol6 sextuple/hextuple - sestupol 7 septuple/heptuple - semtupol 8 octuple - hachitupol 9 nonuple - nonupol 10 decuple - shitupol11 undecuple/hendecuple - shisatupol12 duodecuple - shidupol13 tredecuple - shitripol14 quattuordecuple - shichārtupol15 quindecuple - shipettupol 16 sexdecuple - shisestupol17 septendecuple - shisemtupol18 octodecuple - shihachitupol19 novemdecuple - shinautupol20 vigintuple - dúashitupol 21 unvigintuple - dúashisatupol22 duovigintuple - dúashidupol23 trevigintuple - dúashitripol 24 quattuorvigintuple - dúashichārtupol 25 quinvigintuple - dúashipettupol 26 sexvigintuple - dúashisestupol 27 septenvigintuple - dúashisemtupol 28 octovigintuple - dúashihachitupol29 novemvigintuple - dúashinautupol30 trigintuple - trishitupol31 untrigintuple -trishisatupol40 quadragintuple - chārshitupol 41 unquadragintuple - chārshisatupol 50 quinquagintuple - petshitupol60 sexagintuple - sesshitupol70 septuagintuple -semshitupol 80 octogintuple	- hachishitupol90 nongentuple - naushitupol100 centuple - centopol1,000 milluple - milupol


=== Ordinal numbers - Ordinal numeros ===
1st - first - primero (1o)2nd - second - secondo (2o)3rd - third - tricero (3o)4th - fourth - chārto (4o)5th - fifth - petto (5o)6th - sixth - sesto (6o)7th - seventh - semtimo (7o)8th - eight - hachivo (8o)9th - ninth - nauveno (9o)10th- tenth - deshimo (10o)11th - eleventh - deshimoprimero (11o)12th - twelfth - deshimosecondo (12o)13th - thirteenth - thirteenth - deshimotricero (13o)14th - fourteenth - deshimochārto (14o)15th - fifteenth - deshimopetto (15o)16th - sixteenth - deshimosesto (16o)17th - seventeenth - deshimosemtimo (17o)18th - eighteenth - deshihachivo (18o)19th - nineteenth - deshimonauveno (19o)20th - twentieth - dúadeshimo (20o)21th - twenty-first - dúadeshimoprimero (21o) 30th - thirtieth - trideshimo (30o100th - one hundredth - centisimo (100o) 200th - two hundredth - dúacentisimo (200o) 1000th - one thousandth - milesimo (1000o) 1000000th - one millionth - milionesimo (1000000o) 


== Basic words - Nouns (Basico wortos - Sustantivos) ==
alcohol - alcohol 
alleluia - aleluya 
amen - amen 
animal - animal 
apple - pinggwo (cn)
ash - abú (au)
avocado - avocado 
banana - banana 
Bible - Biblía 
bird - bird 
bomb - bomba 
book - kitab 
bottle - botel 
bottle cap/crown - tansan (jp/au) 
brain - brein (en)
bread - pan 
brother - brater 
car - auto 
cat - pusa (au)
computer - compiuter 
coffee - cafe 
corn - maís 
cyclone - ciclon 
dance - dansa 
dancer - danser 
desire/will - desair (en)
dog - anjing (au)
duck - gana (au)
earth - erda (ge) 
face - muká (in/au) 
father - pater 
fire - fairo (eo) 
grass - damó 
God - Dío 
gold - chīn (cn) 
guitar - ggitara 
hotel - hotél 
house - baláy 
hurricane - hurican 
forest/jungle - janggal (in)
karaoke - karaóke 
ketchup - kechap 
king - rege 
kingdom - regno 
Kung fu - kungfu 
lamb - agno 
language - bāhsa 
link - link 
lord/master - tuhan (au)
love - amor 
lover - amorer (la) 
meat - yok (cn)
moon - bulan (au) 
mother - mater 
mountain - parvat (in)
no - no 
OK - okey 
open - kai 
papaya - papaya 
person - orang 
pineapple - ananas 
plant - planta 
potato - patata 
prayer - oratio 
prince - principe 
princess - princesa 
queen - rejina 
rat - rato 
school - scola 
sex - sex 
sister - sister 
slave - ulipon 
spaghetti - spageti 
soap - sabún 
singer - canter 
song - canta 
stone - batu 
sugar - sucar 
sugar-apple - atis 
sugarcane - sucarcana 
sun - adlao (au) 
sweet - suwit 
sweetpotato - camote (es)
taxi - taxi 
tea - cha 
teacher - guru 
typhoon - taifon 
vase - bin 
water - voda 
wealth - chaifu 
world - dunya 
yes - yes
yo-yo - yoyo 


== Auxiliary words (Auxiliar wortos) ==
the - la 
this/these - eto 
that/those - eso 
here - chitie 
there - tie 
there is/are - hay
some - sam 
and - dan (au) 
is/are/be - es 
or - au 
of - de 
from - dari 
but - sed (la/eo) 
for/to - por 
if - se 
to - a 
as - como 
with - con 
without - sin 
who - kien 
whose/whom - deki
what - ke
which - qual
where - onji (pt/kr) 
when - quando 
why - way (en)
how - como
how many/much - quanto (es/it)for a yes/no question - chu (eo) 
in/on/at - en 
today - kyō (jp)
yesterday - kinō (jp)
tomorrow - nālei (tm) 
also/too - ankaw (eo) 
again - zai (cn) 
because - bicós (en) 


== Greetings (Salutos) ==
greeting - saluto 
hello - haló 
good - bon 
bad - mal 
good day - bon día 
good morning - bon mateno 
good highnoon - bon mezodía 
good afternoon - bon postmezodía 
good evening - bon vespero 
good night - bon nokte 
goodbye - adio 
help! / help me! - ayuta! / ayuta mi! 
How are you? - Como es tu? 
thanks - obricato (la/jp) 
cheers! - kampái 
sorry - gomenasai (jp) 
excuse me/us - sumimasen (jp) 
welcome - swāgat (in) 
good luck - bon atirshdam 
please! - prosīm (sv) 


== Pronouns (Pronomes) ==
First Person:
I - mi Second Person:
 you (singular) - tu Third Person:
he/she/it - le First Person:
we - nos Second Person
you (plural) - vosThird Person:
they - oni (sv) All pronouns can be use in all aspects, as: subjects, objects, and reflexive...
For possessive pronouns, just add a suffix:
"-a"
mia, tua, lea, nosa, vosa and onia...


== Verbs (Verbos) ==
aboliti - abolition; to abolish (la)
admiri - to admire; admiration (la)
amori - to love (la) 
audi - to hear (la)
canti - to sing (la)
creati - to create (la) 
dansi - to dance (la) 
fini - to finish (la) 
faciti - to do/make (la) 
havi - to have (la) 
leti - to let happen, to let be done (en) 
orati - to pray (la) 
speak/talk - paroli (la) 
sidi - to sit (la) 
skribi - to write (la) 
vidi - to see (la) * Take note:
No conjugations, just simply also add the words:
kyō (today), kinō (yesterday), nālei (tomorrow), etc.


== Adjectives and Adverbs (Ajectivos dan Adverbos) ==
always - lagi (au) 
available - aveilabol (en) 
cute - kwiyun (kr) 
full - plena (la) 
good - bon 
long - long (en) 
lucky - atirshdama (tm) 
new - nova (la) 
suitable - sutabol (en) 


== Geographical names (Geografica names) ==


=== Directions (Direxiones) ===
North - Norte  (la)
South - Sude (la)
West - Occidente (la)
East - Oriente (la)
Center - Centro (la)
Northwest - Norteoccidente (la)
Northeast - Norteoriente (la)
Southwest - Sudeoccidente (la)
Southeast - Sudeoriente (la)


=== Names of Countries (Nomes de Bangsas) ===
Afghanistan - Afganistan
Albania - Albania
Algeria - Algeria
American Samoa
Andorra - Andora
Angola - Anggola
Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua dan Barbuda
Argentina - Arhentina
Armenia -Armenia
Aruba
Australia - Australia
Austria - Austria
Azerbaijan - Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The - La Bahamas
Bahrain - Bahrain
Bangladesh - Bangladesh
Barbados - Barbados
Belarus - Byelarus
Belgium
Belize - Belicia
Benin - Benin
Bhutan - Butan
Bolivia - Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia dan Herzegovina
Botswana - Botswana
Brazil - Brasíl
Brunei - Brunéi
Bulgaria - Bulgaria
Burkina Faso - Burkina Faso
Burundi - Burundi
Cambodia - Cambodia
Cameroon - Camerun
Canada
Cape Verde - Cabo Verde
Central African Republic
Chad - Chadía
Chile - Chilea
China - Jongwo
Colombia - Colombia
Comoros - Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
Costa Rica - Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire - Ivori Costa / Costa de Ivori
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czechia - Chekia
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic - Dominicano Republica
East Timor - Oriente Timora
Ecuador - Ecuator
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia, The - Gambia
Georgia - Kartvela
Germany - Doitchlandia
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti - Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong - Hongkong
Hungary - Hunggaria
Iceland - Aislandia
India - Barat/India
Indonesia - Indonesia
Iran - Irania
Iraq - Iraca
Ireland - Irlandia
Israel - Israéla
Italy - Italia
Jamaica - Jamaica
Japan - Nipona
Jordan - Jordana
Kazakhstan
Kenya - Kenia
Kiribati - Kiribas
Korea, North - Norte Korea
Korea, South - Sude Korea
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos - Lao
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya - Libia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg - Luxemborgia
Macau - Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands - Marshal Nusas
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico - Mehico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand - Nova Zilandia
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine - Palestina
Panama
Papua New Guinea - Papua Nova Ghinea
Paraguay
Peru - Perú
Philippines - Filipinas
Poland - Polsca
Portugal - Portugal
Puerto Rico - Porto Rico
Qatar - Catar
Romania - Romania
Russia - Rusia
Rwanda - Rúanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands - Solomon Nusas
Somalia
South Africa - Sude Africa
Spain - Spania
Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka
Sudan - Sudán
Sudan, South - Sude Sudan
Suriname - Surinám
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan - Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand - Tailandia
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago - Trinitat dan Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey - Turkía
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom - Unitido Regno
United States of America - Unitido Statos de America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican City (Holy See) - Vaticana Cita / Cita de Vaticana
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen - Yemen
Zambia - Zambia
Zimbabwe - Zimbabue


== Colors - Colores ==
yellow(-ish) - wang (cn) / wangish 
green - verde (la) / verdish 
blue - asúl (la) /asulish 
red - red (ge) / redish 
white - shiro (jp) / shiroísh 
brown - braun (ge) / braunish 
black - hitam (au) / hitamish 
pink - rosa (la) / rosaísh 
orange - naranggi (in) / naranggish 
violet - violeta (la) / violetish 


== Lord's Prayer - Oratio de Tuhan ==
Our Father, who is in heaven Nosa Pader, ki es di swarga 
Hallowed be your name Sanctifi tua nome 
Your kingdom come Tua regno veni 
Your will be done Tua desair leti 
On earth as it is in heaven En erda como lo es di cielo 
Give us today our daily bread Tu givi nos kyō nos cada-día pan 
And forgive our sins Dan pardoni nos pecatos
As we forgive those who trespass against us Como nos pardoni a los pecati contra nos 
And lead us not into temptation Dan tu no leti nos dalam temtation
But deliver us from evil. Amen.Sed tu liberi nos de la mal. Amen. 


== John 3:16 - Yohan 3:16 ==
For God so loved the world Por Dio tan lovi la dunya  that he gave his one and only Son,  ke kinō givi lea satu dan solo Filio  
that whoever believes in him shall not perish  
but have eternal life.


== Origin of words - Origine de wordes ==
Latin and other Romance languages (such Spanish, Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, etc.) - la 
Spanish - es 
Portuguese - pt 
Italian - it 
Germanic (e.g English, German, Dutch, etc.) - ge 
English - en 
Esperanto - eo 
Slavic (e.g. Polish, Russian, etc.) - sv 
Greek - gr  
Turkish - tr 
Semetic (e.g. Arabic, Hebrew) - sm
Indo-Iranian (i.e. Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit or Persian) - in 
Tamil and other Dravidian languages - tm 
Chinese - cn 
Korean - kr 
Japanese - jp 
Thai - th 
Vietnamese - vn 
Austronesian (esp. Malay-Indonesian, Tagalog, Cebuano, Malagasy) - au 
Malay/Indonesian - my