[<< wikibooks] Radiation Oncology/Rectum/Surgery
History of Rectal Cancer


== History of Rectal Cancer Surgery ==


=== Pre-1900 ===


=== 1901 to 1988 ===


=== 1999 to Present ===


== History of Technologies in Rectal Cancer Rx ==


=== Pre-1900 ===


=== 1901 to 1988 ===


=== 1999 to Present ===


== Types of Surgery ==


== Staging for Rectal Cancer ==


== Margins in Surgery ==


=== Circumferrential Margin: TME Surgery ===


=== Distal and Proximal Margins ===


== Laparoscopic Rectal Surgery ==


=== History ===


=== Retrospective Studies and Prospective longitudinal studies ===


=== Randomised Controlled Trials ===


=== Ongoing Trials ===


== Robotic Rectal Surgery ==


=== History ===


=== Retrospective Studies and Prospective longitudinal studies ===


=== Randomised Controlled Trials ===


=== Ongoing Trials ===