[<< wikibooks] Esperanto/Appendix/English-Esperanto word list (1889)
What follows is the original lexicon of Esperanto words as it appeared in Dr. Esperanto's International Language published in 1889. It is from this original stock of approximately 600 words that the language grew. The pamphlet contained the following note about Esperanto word-building:
Everything written in the international language can be translated by means of this vocabulary. If several words are required to express one idea they must be written in one, but separated by [apostrophes]; e.g., frat'in'o, though one idea, is yet composed of three words, which must be looked for separately in the vocabulary.
The requirement for internal punctuation of a word was dropped from the language not long after this work was published. It is now vanishingly rare to find it in use except in the most rudimentary of primers.

Esperanto is a living language and, like all living languages, the meanings of words drift over time. Herein are the original definitions as they are found in Zamenhof's pamphlet.


== A ==
a

expresses an adjective, e.g., hom'—man, hom'a—humanacid'

sour, acidaĉet'

to buyad'

indicates the duration of an action; e.g., ir'—go; ir'ad'—to walk; danc'—a dance, danc'ad'—dancingadiaŭ

adieu, good-byeaer'

the airafer'

affair, businessagl'

the eagleagrabl'

agreeableaĝ'

the ageajn

…ever; e.g., kiu—who, kiu ajn— whoeveraĵ'

indicates a thing having some quality or peculiarity, or made of some particular thing; e.g., mal'nov'—old, mal'nov'aĵ'—old things; frukt'—fruit, frukt'aĵ'—made of fruitsakompan'

to accompanyakr'

sharpakv'

wateral

to; e.g., al li—to him (indicates also the dative)ali'

otheralmenaŭ

at leastalt'

high, tallalumet'

a matcham'

to love, likeamas'

a crowd, massamik'

friendan'

a member, an inhabitant, an adherent; e.g., regn'—state, kingdom, empire, regn'an'—inhabitant of an empire, etc. Paris'an'—a Parisianangul'

an angle, a corneranĝel'

an angelanim'

the soulankaŭ

also, tooankoraŭ

still, yetanstataŭ

instead ofant'

indicates the present participle (active)antaŭ

beforeapart'

separateaparten'

to belongapenaŭ

scarcely, hardlyapud

near, nigh toar'

indicates a collection of objects; e.g., arb'—a tree, ar'bar'—a forest; ŝtup'—step, stair, ŝtup'ar'—staircase, stairs, ladderarb'

a treearĝent'

silveras

indicates the present in verbsat'

indicates the present participle (passive)atend'

to wait for, expectaŭ

or, eitheraŭd'

to hearaŭskult'

listen toaŭtun'

autumnav'

grandfatheravar'

avariciousazen'

an ass, a donkey


== B ==
babil'

to prate, to chatter, to prattlebak'

to bakebala'

to sweepbalanc'

to nod, swing, swaybaldaŭ

soonban'

to bathebapt'

baptizebar'

to bar (a door), to stop (a passage)barb'

the beardbarel'

barrel, caskbaston'

stickbat'

to beat, to flogbatal'

to fight, to strugglebedaŭr'

to pity, to regret, to repentbel'

beautiful, handsomeben'

to bless, consecrate, hallowbenk'

a benchbest'

an animal, a beastbezon'

to wantbier'

beerbind'

to bindbird'

a birdblank'

whiteblov'

to blowblu'

bluebo'

relation by marriage (own or other people’s); e.g., patr'—father, bo'patr'—father-in-law; frat'—brother, bo'frat'—brother-in-lawboj'

to barkbol'

to boilbon'

goodbord'

the shore (of the sea), the bank or side (of a river)bot'

a bootbotel'

a bottlebov'

an oxbranĉ'

a branchbrand'

brandybril'

to shine, to sparkle, to glitterbros'

a brushbru'

to make a noise, to bawlbrul'

to burn one’s selfbrust'

the breast, bosombrut'

brutebuŝ'

the mouthbuter'

butterbuton'

a button


== C ==
cel'

to aimcent

a hundredcert'

certain, sure, knownceter'

the remainder, the following, restcigar'

a cigarcigared'

a cigarettecitron'

a lemon, citron


== Ĉ ==
ĉagren'

to grieve, to vexĉambr'

a chamber, a roomĉap'

a cap, a bonnetĉapel'

a hatĉar

becauseĉe

near, by, at, besideĉemiz'

a shirt, a chemiseĉen'

a chainĉeriz'

a cherryĉerk'

a coffinĉes'

to cease, to leave offĉeval'

a horseĉi

the nearest (person, thing, etc.); e.g., tiu—that one, tiu ĉi, this one; tie—there, tie ĉi, hereĉia

everyĉiam

always, everĉie

everywhereĉiel'

heaven, heavens, skyĉio

all, everythingĉirkaŭ

around, round aboutĉiu

every oneĉj'

added to the first 2–5 letters of a masculine proper name makes it a diminutive, caressing; e.g., Miĥael'—Mi'ĉj'; Aleksandr'—Ale'ĉj'ĉu

or, if; is employed in questions, e.g., mi ne sci'as, ĉu vi am'as—I don’t know, if you love


== D ==
da

supplies the genitive (after words, expressing measure, weight, etc.); e.g., kilogram'o da viand'o—a kilo of meat; glas'o da te'o— a cup of teadanc'

to dancedanĝer'

dangerdank'

to thankdaŭr'

to endure, to lastde

from, of; supplies also the genitivedecid'

to decidedefend'

to defenddek

tendekstr'

right (adj.)demand'

to askdens'

dense, thickdent'

a toothdetru'

to demolish, to destroy, to ruindev'

must, ought, to be obligeddezert'

a desert, a wildernessdezir'

to desireDi'

Goddik'

big, thick, stoutdiligent'

diligence, assiduitydimanĉ'

Sundaydir'

to tell, to saydis'

dis-, asunder, into parts, e.g., ŝir'—to pull, dis'ŝir'—to pull asunderdisput'

to contend for, to quarrel, to disputedivid'

to dividedolĉ'

sweetdolor'

ache, pain, afflictiondom'

housedon'

to givedonac'

to make a present ofdorm'

to sleepdors'

the backdu

twodum

while, whilst


== E ==
e

the ending of adverbs; e.g., bon'e—welleben'

even, smoothebl'

possibleec'

indicates abstract ideas; e.g., bon'—good, bon'ec'—goodness; infan'—child, infan'ec'—childhoodeĉ

even (adv.) alsoeduk'

to educateedz'

the husbandefektiv'

real, effectiveeg'

indicates enlargement or intensity of degree; e.g., man'—hand, man'eg'—paw; varm'—warm, varm'eg'—hotegal'

equal, likeej'

indicates the place of an action etc.; e.g., kuir'—to cook, kuir'ej'—kitchen; preĝ'—to pray, preĝ'ej'—the churchek'

indicates the beginning or the short duration of an action etc.; e.g., kant'—to sing; ek'kant'—to begin to sing; kri'—to cry, ek'kri'—to cry out, to exclaimeks'

formerly; placed before an official or professional designation, shows that a person has given up his office or professionekster

on the outside of, outwardly, without, out ofekzempl'

exampleel

from, out ofelekt'

to choose, to electem'

inclined, disposed, accustomeden

inenu'

to be weary, annoyedenvi'

to envyer'

indicates a thing, taken as a separate unity; e.g., sabl'—sand, sabl'er'—a grain of sanderar'

to err, to be wrong, to be mistakenescept'

to exclude, to exceptesper'

to hopeesprim'

to express, to declare by wordsest'

to beestim'

to esteem, to prizeesting'

to extinguishestr'

the chief, the superioret'

indicates diminution or decrease; e.g., rid'—to laugh, rid'et'—to smile; mur'—a wall, mur'et'—a little wall, chamber walletaĝ'

a floor, a storyetern'

eternal


== F ==
facil'

light, easyfaden'

threadfajf'

to pipe, to whistlefajr'

firefal'

to fallfald'

to foldfamili'

familyfar'

to do, to make, to act; far'iĝ'—to become, to turn, to growfart'

to live, to be (well or ill)feliĉ'

happyfend'

to split, to chopfenestr'

windowfer'

ironferm'

to shutfest'

to feast, to hold a feastfianĉ'

one who is betrothed, the bridegroomfidel'

faithful, truefier'

proud, haughtyfil'

a sonfin'

to finishfingr'

a fingerfirm'

firm, solidfiŝ'

a fishflank'

side, flankflar'

to smellflav'

yellowflor'

flowerflu'

to flowflug'

to flyfluid'

liquid, fluidfoj'

times (e.g., “four times”)fojn'

hayfoli'

a leaf (of a tree), a sheet (of paper etc.)fond'

to found, establishfont'

a fountainfor

awayforges'

to forgetforĝ'

to forgefork'

a forkforn'

a stovefort'

strong, vigorousfos'

to digfrap'

to hit, to beatfrat'

brotherfraŭl'

bachelor, single manfreŝ'

freshfromaĝ'

cheesefrost'

frost, coldnessfrot'

to rubfru'

earlyfrukt'

fruitfrunt'

foreheadfulm'

lightningfum'

the smokefund'

the bottom


== G ==
gaj'

gaygajn'

to win, to gaingant'

a glovegard'

to guard, to keepgast'

guestge

of both sexes; e.g., patr'—father, ge'patr'o'j—parents; mastr'—master, ge'mastr'o'j—both the master and the mistress of the housegenu'

kneeglaci'

iceglas'

a glass, cupglat'

smooth, evenglav'

swordglit'

to slide, to glide along (on ice)glor'

to glorifyglut'

to swallowgorĝ'

throatgrand'

greatgras'

fat, greasegrat'

scratchgratul'

to congratulategrav'

grave, importantgriz'

graygust'

the tastegut'

to drop; gut'o—a drop


== Ĝ ==
ĝarden'

a gardenĝem'

to groanĝentil'

genteelĝi

itĝis

to, till, up toĝoj'

to rejoice, to be glad


== H ==
ha!

ha! ah!hajl'

the hailhaladz'

bad exhalationhalt'

to stop, to make a stayhar'

a hairharing'

a herringhaŭt'

skin, hidehav'

to havehejt'

to heat, to make a firehelp'

to help, to aidherb'

herb, grasshered'

to inherithieraŭ

yesterdayho!

oh!hodiaŭ

todayhom'

man (human beings in general)honest'

honesthont'

shamehor'

an hourhorloĝ'

a clockhotel'

inn, hotelhumil'

humblehund'

dog


== I ==
i

indicates the infinitive in verbs; e.g., laŭd'i—to praiseia

someial

by whatever causeiam

sometimeid'

child, descendant; e.g., bov'—ox, bov'id'—calfie

somewhereiel

in some manneries

someone’sig'

to cause anything to be in a certain state; e.g., pur'—pure, clean, pur'ig'—to purify, to cleanse; brul'—to burn one’s self, brul'ig'—to burn some one (some thing); sid'—to sit, sid'ig'—to seatiĝ'

to become, to turn, to compel one’s self, e.g., pal'—pale, pal'iĝ'—to turn pale; sid'—to sit, sid'iĝ'—to seat one’s selfil'

an instrument for a given purpose; e.g., tond'—to shear, tond'il'—scissors; paf'—to shoot, paf'il'—a gun, a musket, a firelockili

theyin'

indicates the feminine; e.g., patr'—father, patr'in'—mother; kok'—cock, kok'in'—a henind'

worthyinfan'

childing'

a thing into which something else is put, a holder; e.g., kandel'—a taper, a candle, kandel'ing'—a candlestickink'

inkinstru'

to teachinsul'

islandinsult'

to insult, to outrageint'

indicates the past participle (active)intenc'

to intendinter

betweenintern'

inwardly, internallyinvit'

to inviteio

somewhat, somethingiom

any, someir'

to gois

indicates the past (in verbs)ist'

occupied with…, e.g. bot'—boot, shoe, bot'ist'—shoemaker; mar'—sea, mar'ist'—a seaman, a sailorit'

indicates the past participle (passive)iu

someone


== J ==
j

indicates the pluralja

however, neverthelessjam

alreadyjar'

yearje

may be translated by various prepositions; its signification depends on the general sense of the phrasejen

there, herejes

yesju—des

the—thejuĝ'

to judgejun'

youngjust'

just, equitable


== Ĵ ==
ĵaŭd'

Thursdayĵet'

to throw, to castĵur'

to swear


== K ==
kaf'

coffeekaj

andkajer'

stitched book of writing paper, a copy book (in schools)kaldron'

kettle, caldronkaleŝ'

cab, a light carriagekalkul'

to count, to reckonkamen'

chimney, fireplacekamp'

a fieldkanap'

a sofakandel'

a candlekant'

to singkap'

headkapt'

to seize, to catchkar'

dearkarb'

coalkares'

to caresskaŝ'

to hide, to concealkat'

a catkaŭz'

to cause, to occasionke

that (conj.)kelk'

some, certainkest'

box, chestkia

what; e.g., kia hom'o—what man; kia tag'o—what daykial

why, whereforekiam

whenkie

wherekiel

howkies

whose; e.g., kies libr'o—whose book?kio

what, that whichkiom

how much, how manykis'

to kisskiu

whoklar'

clearknab'

boy, ladkok'

cockkol'

neckkoleg'

a colleaguekolekt'

to collect, to gatherkoler'

to be angrykolon'

column, pillarkolor'

a colourkomb'

to combkomenc'

to beginkomerc'

to trade, to traffickompat'

to compassionate, to bear withkompren'

to understand, to conceivekon'

to knowkondiĉ'

conditionkonduk'

to conduct, to leadkonfes'

to avow, confesskonsent'

to consentkonserv'

to preserve, to keepkonsil'

to counsel, to advisekonsol'

to console, to comfortkonstant'

constant, steadfastkonstru'

to construct, to buildkontent'

content, satisfiedkontraŭ

againstkonven'

to suit, to agreekor'

the heartkorn'

a hornkorp'

the bodykort'

the court, courtyardkost'

to costkovr'

to coverkraĉ'

to spitkrajon'

a pencil, a crayonkravat'

a cravat, neckclothkre'

to createkred'

to believekresk'

to grow, to waxkret'

chalkkri'

to crykron'

a crown, a garlandkruc'

a crosskudr'

to sewkuir'

to cookkuler'

a spoonkulp'

culpable, guiltykun

with; kun'e—togetherkupr'

copperkur'

to runkurac'

to cure, healkuraĝ'

courageous, resolute, boldkurten'

curtainkusen'

a cushionkuŝ'

to lie (e.g. in bed)kutim'

to accustom one’s self tokuz'

a cousinkvankam

though, althoughkvar

fourkvin

five


== L ==
l'

thela

thelabor'

to labour, to worklac'

weary, tiredlakt'

milklam'

lamelamp'

lampland'

land, countrylang'

the tonguelantern'

a lanternlarĝ'

large, broadlarm'

a tearlas'

to let, to permit, to allow, to leavelast'

last, latestlaŭ

in conformity with, conformably, according tolaŭd'

to praise, to commendlaŭt'

aloud, loudlylav'

to washlecion'

a lessonleg'

to readleĝ'

lawleon'

a lionlern'

to learnlert'

dexterous, skilfulleter'

letter, epistlelev'

to lift (up), to raiseli

heliber'

freelibr'

booklig'

to bindlign'

woodlingv'

speech, language, tonguelip'

liplit'

bedliter'

a letter (of the Alphabet), a typeloĝ'

to dwell, to lodgelok'

place, spotlong'

longlud'

to playlum'

to light, to shinelun'

the moonlund'

Monday


== M ==
maĉ'

to chewmagazen'

store, a shopmakul'

a spot, a speckmal'

indicates opposites, e.g., bon'—good; mal'bon'—bad; estim'—to esteem; mal'estim'—to despise, to disdainmalgraŭ

in spite of, notwithstandingman'

handmanĝ'

to eatmar'

the seamard'

Tuesdaymastr'

mastermaten'

the morningmatur'

ripe, maturemem

selfmemor'

to remember, to keep in mindmerit'

to merit, to deservemerkred'

Wednesdaymet'

to putmez'

the middlemezur'

to measuremi

Imiks'

to mix, to minglemil

thousandmilit'

warmir'

to be astonished, to wondermizer'

misery, poverty, wretchednessmoder'

moderate, temperatemodest'

modestmol'

soft, tendermon'

moneymonat'

monthmond'

worldmont'

mountainmontr'

to showmord'

to bitemorgaŭ

tomorrowmort'

to diemoŝt'

highness, majesty, etc. (is generally added to titles) e.g. Vi'a reĝ'a moŝt'o— Your (Royal) Majesty; Vi'a general'a moŝt'o; vi'a episkop'a moŝt'o etc.mov'

to move, to stir (up)mult'

muchmur'

wallmurmur'

to murmurmuŝ'

a fly


== N ==
n

indicates the objective (accusative) case; also direction; e.g. mi ir'as dom'o'n—I am going homenaĝ'

to swimnajbar'

neighbournask'

to bear a child, to bring forth, to give birth tonaŭ

ninenaz'

nosene

no, notnebul'

mist, fogneces'

indispensable, necessaryneĝ'

snownek—nek

neither—nornenia

not anyneniam

nevernenie

nowhereneniel

by no means, in no wisenenies

nobody’snenio

nothingneniu

nobody, no onenep'

grandchildnev'

a nephewni

wenigr'

blacknj'

added to the first 2–5 letters of a feminine proper name makes it a diminutive, caressing; e.g., Mari'—Ma'nj'; Emili'—Emi'nj'nobl'

noblenokt'

nightnom'

namenombr'

numbernov'

newnub'

cloudnud'

nakednuks'

nutnun

nownur

onlynutr'

to nourish, to nurse (a child)


== O ==
o

indicates a substantive (noun)obe'

to obeyobjekt'

an objectobl'

indicates a numeral in multiplicative form; e.g., du—two, du'obl'—twofold, double, of two different sortsobstin'

obstinate, stubbornodor'

to exhale fragrance, to smellofend'

to offend, to wrongofer'

to offeroft'

oftenok

eightokaz'

to happenokul'

eyeokup'

to occupyol

than, asole'

oilombr'

shadow, shadeombrel'

parasol, umbrellaon'

makes fractions out of numerals; e.g., kvar—four; kvar'on'—fourth partond'

the waveoni

(pron. indef. plur.) one, they, people, manonkl'

uncleont'

indicates the future participle (active)op'

indicates collective numerals; e.g., du—two, du'op'—two togetheroportun'

opportune, convenientor'

goldord'

orderordinar'

ordinary, common, usualordon'

to order, to commandorel'

the earos

indicates the futureost'

a boneot'

indicates the future participle (passive)ov'

an egg


== P ==
pac'

peacepaf'

to shootpag'

to paypaĝ'

a pagepajl'

strawpal'

palepalac'

a palacepalp'

to feel, to handle gentlypalpebr'

eyelidpan'

breadpantalon'

trouserspaper'

paperpardon'

to pardon, to forgiveparenc'

relationparker'

by heart, by memoryparol'

to speak, to talkpart'

part, portion, sharepas'

to pass, to go bypastr'

priest, clergymanpaŝ'

to step, to stridepatr'

father; patr'uj'—fatherlandpec'

a morselpel'

to pursue, to chasepen'

to endeavour, to do one’s bestpend'

to hangpens'

to thinkpentr'

to drawper

through, by, by means ofperd'

to losepermes'

to permit, to allowpes'

to weigh (someone or something)(vb. act.)pet'

to pray, to begpez'

weigh (some number of pounds) (vb. neut.)pi'

piouspied'

footpik'

to prick, to stingpilk'

a ball (to play with)pingl'

a pinpir'

a pearplac'

a place, a squareplaĉ'

to pleaseplafon'

ceilingplank'

floor (of a room)plej

most (adv.)plen'

fullplend'

to complainplezur'

pleasurepli

moreplor'

to weep, to shed tearsplum'

pen; featherpluv'

rainpo

forms distributive numerals; e.g., kvin—five; po kvin— five apiecepolv'

dustpom'

applepont'

a bridgepopol'

people, nationpor

forpord'

doorpork'

swine, pig, hogport'

to carry, to wearpost

after (prep.)postul'

to require, to call forpoŝ'

a pocketpoŝt'

post, post-officepot'

a potpov'

to be able, canprav'

being rightpreĝ'

to pray, to say prayersprem'

to press, to oppresspren'

to takeprepar'

to preparepres'

to printpreskaŭ

almost, nearlypret'

readyprezent'

to present, to represent, to introducepri

concerning, on, of, aboutprintemp'

the springpro

for the sake ofprofund'

deep, profoundproksim'

(adj.) near, nighpromen'

to walk, to take a walkpromes'

to promisepropon'

to proposepropr'

one’s ownprov'

to try, to essayprudent'

prudent, reasonableprunt'

to borrow, to lendpulv'

gun-powderpulvor'

powderpun'

to punishpup'

a dollpur'

pure, cleanpuŝ'

to pushputr'

to rot, to putrify, to grow putrid


== R ==
rad'

a wheelradi'

a ray, a beam, a spoke of a wheelradik'

rootrakont'

to relate, to tellramp'

to creep, to crawlrand'

the bank, shore, edge, borderrapid'

rapid, swiftraz'

to shavere'

again, back, re-reg'

to reign, to governregn'

kingdom, realmregul'

a rulereĝ'

a kingrekt'

straightrekompenc'

to recompense, to rewardrenkont'

to meet (with)renvers'

to overthrow, to pull downrespond'

to answerrest'

to remainricev'

to receiveriĉ'

richrid'

to laughrigard'

to look at, regardring'

a ringripet'

to repeatripoz'

to repose, to take restriver'

a riverromp'

to breakrond'

circlerost'

to fry, to roastroz'

a roseruĝ'

red


== S ==
sabat'

Saturdaysabl'

sandsaĝ'

wise, sagesak'

a sack, a bagsal'

saltsalt'

to spring, to jumpsalut'

to salute, to hailsam'

samesan'

sound, sane, healthysang'

bloodsankt'

holy, sacredsap'

soapsat'

satiate, fullsav'

to savesci'

to knowse

ifsed

butseĝ'

a chair, a seatsek'

drysem'

to sowsemajn'

a weeksen

withoutsenc'

sense, meaningsend'

to sendsent'

to feel, perceivesep

sevenserĉ'

to look for, to searchserpent'

serpent, snakeserur'

to lockserv'

to serveses

sixsever'

severe, sharpsi

one’s self, himself, themselves, etc.sid'

to sitsigel'

to sealsign'

a signsignif'

to signify, to meansilent'

to be silentsimil'

resembling, similar, likesimpl'

simple, commonsinjor'

lord, masterskrib'

writesku'

to shake, to jogsobr'

sobersociet'

societysoif'

to be thirstysol'

sole, only, uniquesomer'

summerson'

to soundsonĝ'

to dreamsonor'

to buzz, to humsort'

lot, chance, destiny, fatesovaĝ'

savage, wildspec'

a species, kindspegul'

mirror, looking-glassspir'

to respire, to breathesprit'

wittystal'

stable, stallstar'

to standstel'

starstomak'

stomachstrat'

a streetsub

under, beneathsubit'

suddensuĉ'

to sucksufer'

to suffersufiĉ'

sufficiently, enoughsuk'

the juicesuker'

sugarsun'

sunsup'

soupsuper

above (prep.)supr'

above (adv.), at the topsur

on, uponsurd'

deaf (adj.)surtut'

coat


== Ŝ ==
ŝajn'

to seem, appearŝancel'

to totter, to staggerŝanĝ'

to changeŝaŭm'

foam, scumŝel'

shellŝerc'

to jest, jokeŝi

sheŝip'

shipŝir'

to tearŝlos'

lockŝmir'

to smear, to spreadŝpruc'

to spout, to sprinkleŝnur'

a rope, a string, a cordŝpar'

to spareŝrank'

cupboard, clothespressŝtal'

steelŝtel'

to stealŝtof'

stuffŝton'

stoneŝtop'

to stop, to corkŝtrump'

stockingŝtup'

step; ŝtup'ar'—staircase, stairs, ladderŝu'

shoeŝuld'

to owe, to be indebtedŝut'

to empty out (corn, etc.)ŝvel'

to swellŝvit'

to sweat


== T ==
tabl'

tabletabul'

a boardtag'

daytajlor'

tailortamen

yet, howevertapiŝ'

carpettaŭg'

to be of use, to be fit forte'

teategment'

roofteler'

platetemp'

timeten'

to holdtent'

to temptter'

earthterur'

terrortia

suchtial

therefore, for this reasontiam

then, at that timetie

theretiel

so, in such a mannertim'

to feartio

it, this, thattiom

so, as much or manytir'

to draw, to pulltiu

thattol'

linentomb'

a grave, a tombtond'

to shear, to cut the hairtondr'

to thundertra

throughtraduk'

translatetranĉ'

to cuttrankvil'

tranquil, quiettrans

over, acrosstre

very greatly, exceedinglytrem'

to tremble, to shake, to shivertren'

to draw, to drag, to trailtri

threetrink'

to drinktro

tootromp'

to deceivetrov'

to findtru'

a holetuj

immediatelytuk'

a handkerchieftur'

a towerturment'

to tormentturn'

to turntus'

to coughtuŝ'

to touch, to lay one’s hand ontut'

whole, total, complete


== U ==
u

indicates the imperative (in verbs)uj'

bearing, containing (i.e., a thing, containing or bearing something, as a tree bearing fruits, a country with inhabitants); e.g., cigar'—a cigar, cigar'uj'—a cigar-box; pom'—an apple, pom'uj'—apple-tree; Turk'—a Turk, Turk'uj'—Turkey.ul'

a man, possessing some quality; e.g., riĉ'—rich, riĉ'ul'—a rich manum

an affix without definite meaning; it may be translated by various wordsung'

nailunu

oneurb'

town, cityurs'

a bearus

indicates the conditional (subjunctive)util'

usefuluz'

to make use of


== V ==
vaks'

waxvan'

vain, fruitlessvang'

cheekvapor'

vapourvarm'

warmvast'

vast, spaciousvaz'

vesselvek'

to awakevelk'

to fade, to witherven'

to comevend'

to sellvendred'

Fridayvenen'

poison, venomvenĝ'

to revenge, to avengevenk'

to vanquishvent'

windventr'

bellyver'

truth, verityverd'

greenverk'

to write, to invent, to make (as an author)verm'

wormverŝ'

to pourvesper'

eveningvest'

to clothe; vest'o—clothesveter'

the weathervetur'

to journey (in a carriage, in a ship, etc.)vi

you, thouviand'

meat, fleshvid'

to seevilaĝ'

villagevin'

winevintr'

winterviolon'

violinvir'

a man, a maleviŝ'

to wipevitr'

glassviv'

to livevizaĝ'

face, visagevoĉ'

voicevoj'

wayvok'

to callvol'

to wishvort'

a wordvost'

a tailvund'

to wound


== Z ==
zorg'

to take care of, to provide for, to be solicitous.