[<< wikibooks] Wampanoag/Business of the Home
|Wetu|	`An House.'
|Wetuômuck|	`At home.'
|Nékick|	`My house.'
|Kékick|	`Your house.'
|Wékick|	`At his house.'
|Nickquénum.|	`I am going home:'
Which is a solemne word amongst them; 
and no man wil offer any hinderance to him,
who after some absence is going to visit his 
Family, and useth this word |Nicquénum| (confessing
the sweetnesse even of these short temporall
|Puttuckakàun|	`A round house.'
|Puttcukakâunese|	`A little round house.'
|Wetuomémese|	`A little house'; which
their women and maids live apart in, four,
five, or six days in the time of their period, which custom in all parts of the 
country they strictly observe, and no male 
may come into that house.
|Neés quttow|	`A longer house with two fires.'
|Shwìshcuttow|	`With three fires.'
|Abockquósinash|	`The mats of the house.'
|Wuttapuìssuck|	`The long poles', which
commonly men get and fix, and then the women 
cover the house with mats, and line 
them with embroydered mats which the women 
make, and call them |Mannotaúbana|, or 
{Hangings}, which amongst them make as faire 
a show as Hangings with us.
|Nòte|, {or} |Yote|
|Chìckot| {&} 	`Fire.'
|Notáwese| {&} |chickautáwese|-	`A little fire.'
|Púck|	`Smoke.'
|Puckìssu|	`Smokie'
|Nippúckis|	`Smoke troubleth me.'
|Wuchickapêuck|	`Burching barke', and
{Chesnut barke} which they dresse finely, and
make a Summer-covering for their houses.
|Cuppoquiìttemin.|	`I will divide house with you', or `dwell with you.'
Two Families will live comfortably and
lovingly in a little round house of some fourteen 
or sixteen foot over, and so more and 
more families in proportion.
|Núckqusquatch|	`I am cold.'
|Potouwássiteuck|	`Let us make a fire.'
|Wudtuckqun|	`A piece of wood.'
|Wudtúckquanash|	`Lay on wood.'
|Pawacómwushesh|	`Cut some wood.'
|Maumashinnaunamaúta|	`Let us make a good fire.'
|Npaacómwushem|	`I will cut wood.'
|Aséneshesh|	`Fetch some small sticks.'
|Wònck,| {&}	`More.'
|Wonckataganash nàus|	`Fetch some more'
|Netashín & newucháshinea,|-	`There is no more.'
|Wequanántash|	`A light fire.'
|Wequanantig|	`A Candle', or `Light.'
|Wequanantiganash|	`Candles.'
|Wékinan|	`A light fire.'
|Awâuo?|	`Who is at home?'
|Mat Awawanúnno|	`There is no body.'
|Unhappo Kòsh|	`Is your father at home?'
|Túckiu Sáchim|	`Where is the Sachim?'
|Mat-apeù|	`He is not at home'
|Peyáu|	`He is come.'
|Wéche-peyàu keémat|0	`Your brother is come with him.'
|Pótawash|	`Make a fire.'
|Potâuntash|	`Blowe the fire.'
|Peeyâuog|	`They are come'
|Wâme|, |paúshe|	`All-some.'
|Tawhítch mat peyáyean|-	`Why came, or, c[o]me you not.'
|Mesh noónshem peeyaùn?|-	`I could not come.'
|Mocenanippeéam|	`I will come by and by.'
|Aspeyàu, asqu m|	`He is not come yet.'
|Yò aútant mèsh nippeéam|-	`I was here the Sunne so high.' And then they
point with the hand to the Sunne by whose 
highth they keepe account of the day, and by 
the Moone and Stars by night, as wee doe by 
clocks and dialls, &c.
|Wuskont peyâuog|	`They will come.'
|Teáqua naúntick ewò|	`What comes hee for?'
|Yo áppitch ewò|	`Let him sit there.'
|Unhappò kòsh|	`Is your father at home?'
|Unnàugh|	`He is there.'
|Npépeyup náwwot|	`I have long been here.'
|Tawhítch peyáuyean|	`Why doe you come?'
|Téaguun kunnaúntamun?|-	`What come you for?'
|Awàun ewò?|	`Who is that?'
|Nowéchiume|	`He is my servant.'
|Wécum, naus|	`Call fetch.'
|Petiteaúta|	`Let us goe in.'
|Noonapúmmin autashéhettit|-	`There is not roome for so many.'
|Taubapìmmin|	`Room enough.'
|Noónat|	`Not enough.'
|Asquam|	`Not yet.'
|Náim, námitch|	`By and by.'
|Mòce, unuckquaquêse|	`Instantly.'
|Máish, kitummây|	`Just, even now.'
|Túckiu. tìyu|	`Where.'
|Kukkekuttokâwmen|	`Would you speak with him?'
|Nùx or ô| (Yes)
|Macháug| (No, or not)
|Wuttammâun tam|	`He is busie.'
|Nétop notammâuntam|0	`Friend, I am busie.'
|Cotammâuntam|	`Are you busie?'
|Cotámmish|	`I hinder you.'
|Cotammúmme, Cotamme|}	`You trouble me.'
{Obs.} They are as full of businesse, and as
impatient of hindrance (in their kind) as any
merchant in Europe.
|Nqussútam|	`I am removing.'
|Notámmehick ewò|	`He hinders me.'
|Maumachìuash|	`Goods.'
|Aúquiegs|	`Housholdstuffe.'
|Tuckì uash|	`Where be they?'
|Wenawwêtu|	`Rich.'
|Machêtu|	`Poore.'
|Wenawetuónckon|	`Wealth.'
|Kúphash|	`Shut the doore.'
|Kuphommin|	`To shut the doore.'
|Yeaùsh|	`Shut doore after you.'
{Obs.} Commonly they never shut their
doores, day nor night; and 'tis rare that any
hurt is done.
|Wunêgin|	`Well, or good.'
|Machit|	`Naught, or evill.'
|Cowaútam?|	`Do you understand?'
|Wunnâug|	`A Tray,'
|Wunnauganash|	`Trayes.'
|Kunàm|	`A Spoone.'
|Kunnamâuog|	`Spoones.'
{Obs.} In steed of shelves, they have severall
baske[]s, wherein they put all their houshold-
stuffe: they have some great bags or sacks 
made of {Hempe}, which will hold five or sixe 
|Táckunck|, {or},}	`Their pounding Morter.'
|Wéskhunck|.     }
{Obs.} Their women constantly beat all their 
corne with hand: they plant it, dresse it, gather 
it, barne it, beat it, and take as much 
paines as any people in the world, which labour 
is questionlesse one cause of their extraordinary 
ease of childbirth.
|Wunnauganémese|	`A little Tray.'
|Téaqua cunnátinne|	`What doe you looke for?'
|Natìnnehas|	`Search.'
|Kekìneas|	`See here.'
|Machàge cunna miteôuwin?|-	`Doe you find nothing.'
|Wónckatack|	`Another.'
|Tunnatí|	Where.
|Ntauhaunanatinnehómmin|-	`I cannot looke or search.'
|Ntauhaunanamiteoúwin|-	`I cannot find.'
|Wìaseck|     }
|Eiassunck|   }
|Mocôtick|    }	`A Knife.'
|Punnêtunck|  }
|Chaúqock.|   }
{Obs.} Whence they call {English-men} |Cháuquaquock|,
that is, {Knive-men}, stone formerly 
being to them in stead of {Knives}, {Awle-blades},
{Hatchets} and {Howes}.
|Namacówhe|	`Lend me your Knife.'
|Wonck Commêsim?|	`Wil you give it me again?'
|Mátta nowáuwone|	`I knew nothing.'
|Mátta nowáhea|
|Mat meshnowáhea|	`I was innocent.'
|Paútous, Pautâuog|	`Bring hither.'
|Maúchatous|	`Carry this.'
|Niâutash|, {&}
|Wéawhush.|	`Take it on your backe.'
{Obs.} It is almost incredible what burthens
the poore women carry of {Corne}, of {Fish}, of
{Beanes}, of {Mats}, and a childe besides
|Awâùn|	`There is some body.'
|Kekìneas|	`Goe and see.'
|Squauntâumuck|	`At the doore.'
|Awàun keèn?|	`Who are you?'
|Keèn nétop|	`Is it you.'
|Pauquanamìinnea|	`Open me the doore.'
{Obs.} Most commonly their houses are open, 
their doore is a hanging {Mat}, which being 
lift up, falls downe of it selfe; yet many of 
them get {English} boards and nailes, and make 
artificiall doores and bolts themselves, and
others make slighter doores of {Burch} or {Chesnut}
barke, which they make fast with a cord in 
the night time, or when they go out of town, 
and then the last (that makes fast) goes out at 
the Chimney, which is a large opening in the 
míddle of their house, called:
|Wunnauchicómock,|	`A Chimney.'
|Anúnema|	`Helpe me.'
|Neenkuttánnu~mous.|	`I will helpe you.'
|Kuttánnummi?|	`Will you helpe me?'
|Shookekineas|	`Behold here.'
|Nummouekékineam|	`I come to see.'
|Tou autèg|	`Know you where it lies?'
|Tou núckquaque|	`How much?'
|Yo naumwâuteg|	`Thus full.'
|Aquìe|	`Leave off, or doe not.'
|Waskéche|	`On the top.'
|Náumatuck|	`In the bottome.'
|Aúqunnish|	`Let goe.'
|Aukeeaseìu|	`Downewards.'
|Keesuckqìu|	`Vpwards.'
|Aumàunsh|    }
|Ausàuonsh|   }	`Take away.'
|Nanóuwetea|	`A Nurse, or Keeper.'
|Nanowwúnemum|	`I looke to, or keepe.'
{Obs.} They
{Obs.} They nurse all their childrem them
selves; yet, if she be an high or rich woman, 
she maintaines a Nurse to tend the childe.
|Waucháunama|	`Keep this for me.'
|Cuttatashiìnnas|	`Lay these up for me.'
{Obs.} Many of them begin to be furnished 
with {English} Chests; others when they goe 
forth of towne, bring their goods (if they live 
neere) to the {English} to keepe for them, and 
their money they hang it about their necks, 
or lay it under their head when they sleepe.
|Peewâuqun|	`Have a care.'
|N nowauchâunum|	`I will have a care.'
|Kuttaskwhè|	`Stay for me.'
|Kútta ha|, {&}	`Have you this or that?'
|Pókesha| {&}	`It is broke.'
|Mat Coanichégane|	`Have you no hands?'
|Tawhitch?|	`Why aske you?'
|Nóonshem Pawtuckquámmin.|-	`I cannot reach.'
|Aquie Pokesháttous.|	`Doe not breake.'
|Pokesháttouwin.|	`To breake.'
|Assótu|, {&}	`A foole.'
{Obs.} They have also amongst them naturall 
fooles, either so borne, or accidentally deprived
of reason.
|Aquie assókish|	`Be not foolish.'
|Awánick|	`Some come.'
|Niáutamwock|	`They are loden.'
|Máttapeu| {&}	`A woman keeping alone in her monethly sicknesse.'
|Moce ntúnnan|	`I will tell him by and by.'
|Cowequetúmmous|	`I pray or intreat you.'
|Wunniteóuin|	`To mend any thing.'
|Wúnniteous|, {or},	`Mend this,'
|Wússiteous.|	`Mend this.'
|Wúskont nochemuckqun.|-	`I shall be chidden.'
|Nickúmmat|	`Easie.'
|Siúckat|	`Hard.'
|Cummequâwname?|	`Do you remember me?'
|Mequaunamìinnea|	`Remember me.'
|Puckqúatchick|	`Without doores.'
|Nissawhócunck ewò|	`He puts me out of doores.'
|Kussawhóki?|	`Doe you put mee out of doores?'
|Kussawhocowóog.|	`Put them forth.'
|Tawhìtch kussàwhokiêan?-|	`Why doe you put mee ont?'
|Sáwwhush|,	`Goe forth.'
|Wussauhemútta|	`Let us goe forth.'
|Matta nickquéhick|	`I want it not.'
|Machagè nickquehickômina.|-	`I want nothing.'
{Ob.} Many of them naturally Princes, or else 
industrious persons, are rich; and the poore
amongst them will say, they want nothing.
|Páwsawash.|	`Drie or ayre this.'
|Pawsunnúmmin.|	`To drie this or that.'
|Cuppausummúnnash|	`Drie these things.'
|Apìssumma.|	`Warme this for me.'
|Paucótche|	`Already.'
|Cutsshitteoùs|	`Wash this.'
|Tatágganish|	`Shake this.'
|Naponsh|	`Lay downe.'
|Wuchè machaùg|	`About nothing.'
|Puppucksháckhege|	`A Box.'
|Paupaqúonteg|	`A Key.'
|Mowáshuck|	`Iron.'
|Wâuki.|	`Crooked.'
|Saúmpi|	`Strait.'
|Aumpaniìmmin|	`To undoe a knot.'
|Aúmpanish|	`Vntie this.'
|Paushinúmmin|	`To divide into two.'
|Pepênash|	`Take your choyce.'
|Nawwuttùnsh|	`Throw hither.'
|Negáutowash|	`Send for him.'
|Negauchhúwash|	`Send this to him.'
|Nnegâuchemish|	`Hee sends to mee.'
|Nowwêta|	`No matter.'
|Mâuo.|	`To cry and bewaile;'
Which bewailing is very solemne amongst 
them morning and evening and sometimes 
in the night they bewaile their lost husbands, 
wives, childreu, brethren or sisters &c. Sometimes 
a quarter, halfe, yea. a whole yeere, and 
longer, if it be for a great Prince.
In this time (unlesse a dispensation be given)
they count it a prophane thing either to play 
(as they much use to doe) or to paint themselves, 
for beauty, but for mourning; or to be 
angry, and fall out with any, &c.
|Machemóqut|	`It stincks.'
|Machemóqussu|	`A vile or stinking person.'
|Wúnnìckshaas|	`Mingled.'
|Wúnnickshan|	`To mingle.'
|Nésick|, {&} |nashóqua.|	`A Combe.'
|Tetúpsha|	`To fall downe.'
|Ntetupshem|	`I fall downe.'
|Tou anúckquaque?|	`How big?'
|Wunnáshpishan|	`To snatch away.'
|Tawhítch wunnashpisháyean-|	`Why snach you?'
|Wuttùsh|	`Hitherward, & give me.'
|Enèick|, {or}, |áwwusse|	`Further.'
|Nneickomásu|, {&} |awwassése.|-	`A little further.'
|Wuttushenaquáish|	`Looke hither.'
|Yo anaquáyean|	`Looke about.'
|Máuks máugoke|	`Give this.'
|Yo comméish|	`I will give you this.'
|Qussúcqun-náukon|	`Heavie, light.'
|Kuckqússaqun|	`You are heavie.'
|Kunnauki|	`You are light.'
|Nickáttash|, {singular.}`Leave, or depart.'
|Nickáttammoke|, {plur.}
|Nickattamútta.|	`Let us depart.'
|Yówa.|	`Thus.'
|Ntowwaukâumen.|	`I use is.'
|Awáwkáwní.|	`It is used.'
|Yo awáutees.|	`Vse this.'
|Yo wéque.|	`Thus farre.'
|Yo meshnowékeshem|	`I went thus farre.'
|Ayátche| {&}	   {
|Cónkitchea.|	as { `Often'.
|Ayatche nippéeam.|	`I am often here.'
|Pakêtash.|	`Fling it away.'
|Npaketamúnnash.|	`I will cast him away.'
|Wuttámmasim.|	`Give me Tobaco.'
|Mat nowewuttámmo|	`I take none.'
{Obs.} Which some doe not, but they are rare 
Birds; for generally all the men throughout 
the Countrey have a {Tobacco-bag}, with a {pipe}
in it hanging at their back: sometimes they 
make such great {pipes}, both of {wood} and {stone},
that they are two foot long, with men or 
beasts carved so big or massie, that a man 
may be hurt mortally by one of them; but 
these como~nly come from the {Mauquáuwogs}, 
or the {Men eaters}, three or foure hundred 
miles from us: They have an excellent Art 
to cast our {Pewter} and {Brasse} into very neate 
and artificiall {Pipes}: They take their {Wuttammâuog}
(tkat is, a weake {Tobacco}) which the men 
plant themselves, very frequently; yet I never 
see any take so excessively, as I have seene 
men in {Europe}; and yet excesse were more 
tolerable in them, because they want the refreshing 
of {Beare} and {Wine}, which God hath 
vouchsafed {Europe}.
|Wuttámmagon.|	`A Pipe.'
|Hopuònck.|	`A Pipe.'
|Chicks.|	`A Cocke', or `Hen': A
name taken from the {English} Chicke, because
they have no Hens before the {English} came.
|Chìcks ánawat.|	`The Cocke crowes.'
|Neesquttónckqussu.|	`A babler, or prater.'
|Cunneesquttonckqussìmmin.|-	`You prate.'
{Obs.} Which they figuratively transferre
from the frequent troublesome clamour of
a Cocke.
<46> <{Of the Family businesses}.>
|Nanótateem.|	`I keepe house alone.'
|Aquíe kuttúnnan.|	`Doe not tell.'
|Aquíe mooshkisháttous.|-	`Doe not disclose.'
|Teàg yo augwháttick?|	`What hangs there?'
|Yo augwháttous.|	`Hang it there.'
|Pemisquâi|	`Crooked, or winding.'
|Penâyi.|	`Crooked.'
|Nqussútam.|	`I remove house': Which
they doe upon these occasions: From thick 
warme vallies, where they winter, they remove 
a little neerer to their Summer fields; 
when 'tis warme Spring, then they remove to 
their fields where they plant Corne.
In middle of Summer, because of the abundance 
of Fleas, which the dust of the house 
breeds, they will flie and remove on a sudden 
from one part of their field to a fresh place:
And sometimes having fields a mile or two, 
or many miles asunder, when the worke of 
one field is over, they remove house to the 
other: If death fall in amongst them, they 
presently remove to a fresh place: If an enemie 
approach, they remove into a Thicket, or 
Swampe, unlesse they have some Fort to remove 
Sometimes they remove to a hunting house 
in the end of the yeere, and forsake it not un-
<47> <{Of the Family businesses}.>
till Snow lie thick and then will travel home, 
men, women and children, thorow the snow, 
thirtie, yea, fiftie or sixtie miles; but their 
great remove is from their Summer fields to 
warme and thicke woodie bottomes where 
they winter: They are quicke; in halfe a day, 
yea, sometimes at few houres warning to be 
gone and the house up elsewhere; especially, 
if they have stakes readie pitcht for their 
I once in travel[l] lodged at a house, at which 
in my returne I hoped to hàve lodged againe 
there the nex night, but the house was gone 
in that interim, and I was glad to lodge under 
a tree:
The men make the poles or stakes, but the 
women make and set up, take downe, order, 
and carry the {Mats} and housholdstuffe.
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