[<< wikibooks] Microsoft Office/MLA format
== Vocabulary ==
research paper
MLA
APA
Parenthetical citations
Works cited
Line spacing
Paragraph spacing
Double-space
Header
Footer
Alignment
Shortcut keys
First-line indent
Ruler
First line indent marker
Left indent marker
AutoCorrect
Note reference mark
Footnote
Endnote
Note text
Automatic Page Breaks
Soft page breaks
Background repagination
Manual page break
Hard page break
Bibliographical list
Hanging indent
Hanging indent marker
Proofreading
Clipboard


== Describe the MLA formatting for a research paper ==
MLA stands for MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION
MLA contains: 

Header containing the authors last name followed by the page number
Double spaced
One inch boarders on all sides
Indent the first word of each paragraph 1/2 inch
Page one has a block for the paper information at the left margin one ince from the top of the page. It includes:
Your Name
Your Instructor
The course name
The date
Title centered one double space below the paper information
Author references in parentheses with the page number in the text were the information is given is called PARENTHETICAL CITATION
Footnotes are for explanatory notes with superscript numbers for references
Double space footnote text
Bibliography page is called WORKS CITED and is listed alphabetically
On a separate page
Lists sources referenced directly in the paper
"Works Cited" is centered, one inch from top of page
Double space all lines
Sources listed with a hanging indent
Start each source with the authors last name, or the title if the author is not available
Underline or italicize the title of each sourceFor anther source for help writing MLA formatting see: http://www.dianahacker.com/pdfs/hacker-Daly-MLA.pdf


== Describe the APA formatting for a research paper ==
Check out this web site for some information: http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.aspx?doc_id=796


== Setting Line and Paragraph Spacing ==
Display the formatting marks:

LINE SPACING - is the vertical space between lines of text within a paragraph.
PARAGRAPH SPACING - is the vertical space between paragraphs. (by default 1.15)For MLA we need to DOUBLE SPACE the paper.  From the HOME tab click the Line Spacing Button and change it to 2.0. (this is in the paragraph section of the ribbon)
For MLA we need to double space between paragraphs as well.  We will need to remove the extra spaces by going to the Line Spacing Button and clicking on REMOVE SPACE AFTER PARAGRAPH.


== Formatting the Header of the paper ==
HEADER - text that is printed 1/2 inch from the top of every page of a document
FOOTER - text that is printed 1/2 inch from the bottom of every page of a document
The header of an MLA formatted document contains: 

the authors last name
the page numberTo create the header click on the INSERT tab. Click on HEADER, scroll down the list of the gallery.
Click EDIT HEADER from the gallery, Click the HOME tab, Click the ALIGN RIGHT or press CTRL+R. 
Type in your last name and then press the space bar. Click the INSERT tab, Click the PAGE NUMBER button - CURRENT POSITION - PLAIN NUMBER. 
Close the header by double clicking back in the text of your document 


== Paper Layout for MLA ==
Set Paper to Double Spacing

Go to the HOME tab
Go to the Paragraph group
Click on the Line Spacing Button
Change the paper to 2.0Set Paper to have NO Spaces After Each Paragraph

Go to the HOME tab
Go to the Paragraph Group
Click on the Line Spacing Button
Click on REMOVE SPACE AFTER PARAGRAPH


== Create the heading for the paper ==
The heading of an MLA formatted paper is on page one of the paper. It should contain the following information: 

First and Last Name
The Instructors Name
The course you are writing the paper for
The date you wrote the paperThe heading should be place flush with the left side of the paper and be one inch from the top of the paper and left side.  (if you set your margins to be one inch just start typing in the first line.


== What are the parts of a research paper? ==
Steps to writing a research paperSelect a topic
Research and take notes on your topic.  Make sure to keep the reference information.  I usually write the bibliographies as I go.  Noodlebib is an excellent source to help you write your references.
Organize your ideas with an outline, map, or some other device you are comfortable with.
Write a first draft
Proof read you paper and make notes of changes
Write a final draftParts of a Research PaperIntroduction
Body
Conclusion
Works Cited - References - make sure your sources are of quality.  They should be reputable (No Wikipedia!) and have a current date.


== Place your Title ==
Press enter down one double-spaced line.  Then click your mouse button twice in the center of the paper to jump to the center.  You could also use CTRL+E to center.  
Type in your title of the paper:


== Set First Line Indent ==
Open the Ruler by clicking on the View Ruler Button above the scroll bar on the right of the window
Slide the top triangle (First Line Indent Marker) over to 0.5 on the ruler


== Create a quick style ==
In MLA formatting you need to indent the first line of each paragraph by 1/2 inch.  To do this move the top triangle in the ruler, called the First Line Indent Marker. 
To use the sticks:

Type in the first paragraph of your research paper.  This is the introductory paragraph.
Triple click the paragraph to choose the whole paragraph.
Right click on the chosen paragraph
Hover your mouse of the Styles option
Click SAVE SELECTION AS A NEW QUICK STYLE
Type in the name of the quick style you are creating
Click on OK
The new quick styles appears in the Styles section of the Home Tab ribbon


== Auto Correcting ==
When you misspell a it will show up underlined in red or will auto correct when you press the spacebar or the enter key after it. After Word auto corrects it will mark the word.  If you place your mouse back over the word you will see a blue box that gives you auto correcting options.  You will be able to: 

Change the word back to its previous spelling
Stop auto correcting the word
Set other auto correcting options (you can also get here by going to the office button and clicking on the button at the bottom of the window (WORD OPTIONS).From here you can go to the Proofing option, then on the Auto Correct tab you can set up any word and its replacement.


== Creating Citations ==
Create a reference for all sources used.   If you are using an exact quote then use quotation marks.  If you are paraphrasing you should still give the author credit, as the ideas are not yours. 
To cite a reference in MLA and APA you will use PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS. This means you put the authors last name, and the page number in a set of parenthesis at the end of the sentence you are citing.  Word will do much of the work for you.  
Change the bibliography style from the REFERENCES tab.  under Style in the Citations and Bibliography section change it to MLA.  
Then click the INSERT CITATION  button, and ADD NEW SOURCE.
Choose the type of source and then fill in the rest of the window.  Click OK when you are done. 
WORD does not include the page number in the parenthetical citation, so you will need to edit the citation. Right click the Citation that was created and click on EDIT CITATION, put the page numbers in the ADD PAGES section and click OK. The parenthetical citation goes on the inside of the period.


== Creating Footnotes ==
In MLA formatting footnotes are used for explanations.  When you use a footnote you will need to add a NOTE REFERENCE MARK or a superscribed number (a number that is raised above the rest of the text)to signify a note exists.  A FOOTNOTE is a note that is located at the bottom of the page that has been referenced.  A ENDNOTE is a note that is added to the end of the document.  The actual text of the footnote or endnote is called the NOTE TEXT.  
To insert a footnote reference mark: 

Go to the References Tab
Click the Insert Footnote button
Type your note text at the bottom of the page
Highlight the text
Click on the Style you created for MLA to change the footnote to the correct styleTo insert a citation in the footnote

Go to the References Tab
Click the Insert Citation button
Click on the ADD NEW PLACEHOLDER command
Type a name for your tag
Click OKEdit a Citation

Click on the drop down on the parenthetical citation
Click on Edit Source
Type in the information for this source
Click OKNOTE: If you use the name of the author in the sentence, you do not need to put the authors name in the parenthetical citation.
To Remove the Author from a parenthetical citation

Click the drop down on the parenthetical citation
Click SUPPRESS AUTHOR check box
Click OK


== Page Breaking ==
Soft page breakThis is an automatic page break that occurs when you run out of room on one page, Word will automaticaly create and place your next text on the following page.  

Hard page breakThis is when you need to ensure that a page break occurs, like when you are going to a Works Cited or References page.  To create a Hard Page Break press CTRL+ENTER.  This is also a manual page break.

Background repaginationAutomatic page break task, meaning when you are typing Word will continually recalculate the pages to ensure page breaks are created and inserted correctly.


== Creating a Works Cited Page ==
Start a new page with a hard page break
Click in the center of the page and type: Works Cited
Press Enter
Insert the Bibliographies from the sources you have created
Go to the References Tab
In the Citations and Bibliographies group click the BIBLIOGRAPHY drop down
Click Insert BibliographyFormat them in MLA formatting

Highlight all of the bibliographies
Double space them
Make sure there is no space after the paragraphs
Create a hanging indent
Go to the ruler at the top of the page
Move the bottom triangle(hanging indent marker) over to 0.5


== Finding a Replacing Text ==
From the HOME tab, in the Editing group at the far right, click REPLACE. A dialog box will pop up and ask for the word you want to replace and what you want to replace it with.  Fill both in and then click replace all. 


== Counting Words ==
Click on the number of words in the status bar at the bottom of the window.  This will display the information about the document like the number of words, number of paragraphs, and number of pages.


== Spelling and Grammar Checking ==
From the Review tab you can click on the Spelling and Grammar checking button to have the document check and report its findings.  If you want to turn on or off some of the options you need to go to the Office button and click on WORD OPTIONS.  Go to the proofing section, then click on SETTINGS in the "When correction spelling and grammar in Word".  From here you can turn on and off many grammar checking features depending on what your instructor is requiring.


== Research Options in Word ==
In Word you can easily get to the research options by ALT+clicking on a word.  It will automatically find the thesaurus with a list of synonyms for the word you are looking up.


== Shortcut keys ==


== Project ==
Create a Research Paper that Compares MLA to APA document styles. 

Using what you have learned in this module to write a research paper on the differences and similarities of the MLA and APA document styles.
The paper should be 400 - 500 words
Use the internet and this text to help with your paper.  (Wikipedia is not a source)
Include at least two references
Includes one explanatory note as a footnote.
You should spell and grammar check the document.
Write the paper in APA format.


== Rubric ==