[<< wikibooks] Horticulture/Liriomyza trifolii
Liriomyza trifolii is a Pest of greenhouses and warm climates, though it may seasonally escape in cooler climates. It is a Leaf Miner of many cultivated and weedy species.


== Description ==
A small yellow fly as an adult, a leaf-mining maggot as a larva.


== Symptoms and Signs ==
Mining of leaves, eventually causing leaf drop.


== Ecology ==
This insect has been spreading throughout the world over the past decades, believed to be transported on florist's materials.


== Host plants ==
Allium (Onion)
Apium (Celery)
Aster
Bellis
Benincasa (Wax Gourd)
Beta
Brassica
Bidens
Capsicum (Pepper)
Chrysanthemum
Citrullus
Cucumis
Cucurbita
Dahlia
Daucus
Dendranthema
Eupatorium
Erechtites (Pilewort)
Gerbera
Gypsophila (Baby's Breath)
Helianthus
Lactuca (Lettuce)
Lagenaria (Hyotan)
Lycopersicon
Petunia
Phaseolus (Bean)
Pisum
Solanum
Spinacia (Spinach)
Tagetes
Zinnia


== Control ==
Cultural controls: Control weed hosts
Physical removal: Rogue out infested plants, dispose of infested materials quickly
Pesticides: Cyromazine, Abamectin
Predators and parasites: Parasitic Wasps and Ants


== References ==
University of Florida
Hawaii Extension Service
North Carolina State University